Clarke, R.M., Hazin, K., Thompson, J.R., Savard, D., Prosser, K.E., and Storr, T. Electronic Structure Description of a Doubly Oxidized Bimetallic Cobalt Complex with Pro-Radical Ligands. Inorg. Chem., 2016, 55, 762-774. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b02231
The geometric and electronic structure of a doubly oxidized bimetallic Co complex containing two redox-active salen moieties connected via a 1,2-phenylene linker has been investigated and compared to an oxidized monomeric analogue. Both complexes, CoL1 and Co2L2 are oxidized to the mono- and di-cations respectively with AgSbF6 and characterized by X-ray crystallography for the monomer, and Vis-NIR spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic (EPR) spectroscopy, SQUID magnetometry and density functional theory (DFT) calculations for both the monomer and dimer. Both complexes exhibit a water molecule coordinated in the apical position upon oxidation. [CoL1-H2O]+ displays a broad NIR band at 8500 cm-1 (8400 M-1cm-1) which is consistent with recent reports on oxidized Co salen complexes (Kochem, A. et. al., Inorg Chem., 2012, 51, 10557-10571, Kurahashi, T. et. al., Inorg. Chem., 2013, 52, 3908-3919). DFT calculations predict a triplet ground state with significant ligand and metal contributions to the singularly occupied molecular orbital (SOMO). The majority (~75%) of the total spin density is localized on the metal, highlighting both high spin Co(III) and Co(II)L• character in the electronic ground state. Further oxidation of CoL1 to the dication affords a low spin Co(III) phenoxyl radical species. The NIR features for [Co2L2-2H2O]2+ at 8600 cm-1 (17800 M-1cm-1) are doubly intense in comparison to [CoL1-H2O]+ owing to the description of [Co2L2-2H2O]2+ as two non-interacting oxidized Co salen complexes bound via the central phenylene linker. Interestingly, TD-DFT calculations predict two electronic transitions that are 353 cm-1 apart. The NIR spectrum of the analogous Ni complex, [Ni2L2]2+, exhibits two intense transitions (4890 cm-1/26500 M-1cm-1 and 4200 cm-1/21200 M-1cm-1) due to exciton coupling in the excited state. Only one broad band is observed in the NIR spectrum for [Co2L2-2H2O]2+ as a result of the contracted donor and acceptor orbitals and overall CT character.