Statistical Validation Of Wavelet Transform Coherence Method To Assess The Transfer Of Calf Muscle Activation To Blood Pressure During Quiet Standing

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Scholarly level: 
Faculty/Staff
Final version published as: 

BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2013, 12:132 doi:10.1186/1475-925X-12-132

Date created: 
2013
Keywords: 
Wavelet transform coherence
Calf muscle
EMG
Quiet standing
Blood pressure
Posture control
Skeletal muscle pump
Abstract: 

Background

Continuous and discrete wavelet transforms have been established as valid tools to analyze non-stationary and transient signals over Fourier domain methods. Additionally, Fourier transform based coherence methods provide aggregate results but do not provide insights into the changes in coherent behavior over time, hence limiting their utility.

Methods

Statistical validation of the wavelet transform coherence (WTC) was conducted with simulated data sets. Time frequency maps of signal coherence between calf muscle electromyography (EMG) and blood pressure (BP) were obtained by WTC to provide further insight into their interdependent time-varying behavior via the skeletal muscle pump during quiet stance. Data were collected from healthy young males (n = 5, 19–28 years) during a quiet stance on a balance platform. Waveforms for EMG and BP were acquired and processed for further analysis.

Results

Low values of bias and standard deviation (< 0.1) were observed and the use of both simulated and real data demonstrated that the WTC method was able to identify time points of significant coherence (> Threshold) and objectively detect existence of interdependent activity between the calf muscle EMG and blood pressure.

Conclusions

The WTC method effectively identified the presence of linear coupling between the EMG and BP signals during quiet standing. Future studies with more human data are needed to establish the exact characteristics of the identified relationship.

Language: 
English
Document type: 
Article
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