Triunal model of anxiety and its application to anxiety reduction in learning and teaching environments

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Scholarly level: 
Faculty/Staff
Final version published as: 

Bigdeli, S. & Bai, H. (2009). Triunal model of anxiety and its application to anxiety reduction in learning and teaching environments. TESL Canada Journal, 27(1), 103–114.

Date created: 
2009
Keywords: 
anxiety
EAL
English as an additional language
Physiology of anxiety
Psychology of anxiety
philosophy
existentialism
phenomenology
Buddhism
mindfulness
Abstract: 

In this article we are calling for an interlayered and cross-dimensional approachto understanding and working with anxiety, especially as manifested in Englishas an additional language (EAL) teaching and learning environments. We aim tounderstand the phenomenon of anxiety from the multidimensional perspectives ofphysiology, psychology, and philosophy; to introduce what we call the TriunalModel of Understanding Anxiety; and based on this new understanding, tosuggest how teacher education may help teachers to notice and work with anxietyin teaching-learning environments. Given the scope of what we propose, thisarticle with its limited space affords only an initial synopsis and model-buildingexercise.

Language: 
English
Document type: 
Article
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