Suffering loves and needs company: Daoist and Zen perspectives on the counselor as companion

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Scholarly level: 
Final version published as: 

Cohen, A. & Bai, H. (2008). Suffering loves and needs company: Daoist and Zen perspectives on the counselor as companion. Canadian Journal of Counselling, 42(1), 45–56.

Date created: 
counselling psychology
Asian philosophy
ontological security

Mindful of living in a multicultural and cross-cultural society, this article introducesand presents Buddhist and Daoist philosophy, psychology, and practice along with thepotential for their application in psychotherapy within the context of the theme of thepsychotherapist or counsellor accompanying the suffering person. The theoretical grounding for this application is the understanding that the suffering person has an underlying need for ontological security. It is suggested that this is made possible by a twofold connection:intra-subjective connection to self through integration of emotions, thoughts, and psycho-physical states; and inter-subjective connection to others. A case is made in this article that the therapist’s mindful and energetic presence is key to the development of this connection.

Document type: 
You are free to copy, distribute and transmit this work under the following conditions: You must give attribution to the work (but not in any way that suggests that the author endorses you or your use of the work); You may not use this work for commercial purposes; You may not alter, transform, or build upon this work. Any further uses require the permission of the rights holder (or author if no rights holder is listed). These rights are based on the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License.
Rights holder: 
The publisher holds rights to this publication