To see a world in a grain of sand: Complexity and moral education

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Bai, H. & *Banack, H. (2006). To see a world in a grain of sand: Complexity and moral education. Complicity: An international Journal of Complexity and Education, 3(1), 5–20. Available online at:

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complexity theory
participatory ethics

 Making the case for the mutual relationship between ontology (what reality is like) and ethics (how we should conduct ourselves), this essay argues that the dualistic,linear, deterministic ontology of Modern Science that categorically separates perceiver and the perceived, knower and known is oppressive by virtue of objectification.  Delineating a relational (that is, non-linear) ontology discussed by New Science and Complexity Theory, this essay extrapolates to an ethical paradigm,named 'participatory ethics'.  Key to participatory ethics is perception of "patterns that connect" - which, to manifest, the moral agent needs to emergently embed itself in the pattern, in a manner analogous to fractal reiteration.  Since non-linearity (complexity) manifests everywhere we turn and in everything we encounter, participatory ethics modelled after complexity is about recalling, remembering, and reminding ourselves of, our inter-beingness. 

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