Predicting violence among individuals who engage in self-injury

Date created: 
2012-06-26
Identifier: 
etd7256
Keywords: 
Violence
Non-suicidal Self-injury
Risk Factors
Females
Abstract: 

The current study examined factors that may predict violent behaviour toward others among individuals who engage in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Females engaging in NSSI (n = 133) were recruited from online forums dedicated to NSSI behaviours. Contextual (i.e., relationship, employment, academic, and economic) and individual (i.e., borderline and antisocial personality features, treatment engagement, trait anger, impulsivity, distress tolerance, alcohol and drug use) risk factors were examined to determine which factors were associated with physical violence toward others in retrospective and prospective analyses. Antisocial personality features were uniquely associated with a history of violent behaviour; however, trait anger uniquely predicted violence over one year. Contextual factors were not significantly associated with violence. These data suggest that stable traits are particularly important in predicting future violence in this sample, and that individuals who engage in NSSI are similar to other, non self-injuring samples in terms of risk factors for violence.

Document type: 
Thesis
Rights: 
Copyright remains with the author. The author granted permission for the file to be printed and for the text to be copied and pasted.
File(s): 
Supervisor(s): 
Alexander Chapman
Department: 
Arts & Social Sciences: Department of Psychology
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.A.
Statistics: