Economic growth and environmental degradation in Canada: an empirical analysis of the environmental Kuznets curve

Author: 
Date created: 
2010-09-17
Identifier: 
etd6239
Keywords: 
Environmental Kuznets Curve
Canada
GHG
CO2
NOX
SOX
CO
TPM
Time-series
Cross-section
Abstract: 

The Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis postulates an inverted U-shaped relationship between measures of environmental degradation and per capita income. This paper empirically tests the validity of the EKC hypothesis in Canada for per capita emissions of green house gases (GHG), CO2, NOX, SOX, CO, and total particulate matter (TPM) emissions. The regression equations estimated are quadratic and cubic functions of per capita GDP. The type of data used are provincial and territorial level cross-sectional panel data and country level time-series data. The study finds that per capita emissions of GHG and CO exhibit inverted-U relationships with per capita GDP. In contrast, per capita SOX and TPM emissions follow a U-shape curve, In addition, per capita CO2 emissions may follow either an inverted U or an N shape curve. Furthermore, this study finds insufficient empirical evidence of an EKC for per capita NOX emissions.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
Rights: 
Copyright remains with the author. The author has not granted permission for the file to be printed nor for the text to be copied and pasted. If you would like a printable copy of this thesis, please contact summit-permissions@sfu.ca.
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Terry Heaps
Brian Krauth
Department: 
Arts & Social Sciences: Department of Economics
Thesis type: 
(Project) M.A.
Statistics: