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Studying and Constructing Concept Maps: A Meta-Analysis

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2017-03-21
Abstract: 

A concept map is a node-link diagram in which each node represents a concept and each link identifies the relationship between the two concepts it connects. We investigated how using concept maps influences learning by synthesizing the results of 142 independent effect sizes (n = 11,814). A random-effects model meta-analysis revealed that learning with concept and knowledge maps produced a moderate, statistically significant effect (g =.58, p < .001). A moderator analysis revealed that creating concept maps (g =.72, p < .001) was associated with greater benefit relative to respective comparison conditions than studying concept maps (g = .43, p <.001). Additional moderator analyses indicated learning with concept maps was superior to other instructional comparison conditions, and was effective across science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) and non-STEM knowledge domains. Further moderator analyses, as well as implications for theory and practice, are provided.

Document type: 
Article

Neoliberalism Across Borders: A Comparative Case Study of Community Colleges’ Capacity to Serve Student-Parents

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2017-05
Abstract: 

Community colleges in the United States and Canada operate within postsecondary environments that are being reshaped by neoliberal policymaking. As community colleges in both countries respond to the pressures of neoliberalism, their capacity to serve students already marginalized by their “nontraditional” status may be affected in contradictory ways that benefit some students while further disadvantaging others. This article drew on data from a comparative case study of two urban community colleges, one in the United States and one in Canada, to explore how the increasing marketization of postsecondary education in both countries is affecting each college’s position within its particular postsecondary environment and, in turn, is shaping its capacity at the organizational level to support its student population. As a means of highlighting the consequences of neoliberal processes on marginalized students, we focused our attention at the organizational level on resources and supports targeted at students with dependent children, a group of students who are often rendered invisible—both by neoliberal discourses and traditional postsecondary policies and practices.

 

Document type: 
Article

Does this Feel Empowering? Using Métissage to Explore the Effects of Critical Pedagogy

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2017-01
Abstract: 

The extent to which critical pedagogy disrupts the relations of dominance inside postsecondary classrooms, or empowers students to take socially just action beyond the classroom has been debated and challenged for decades. Through the use of métissage, an interpretive inquiry method that affords collaborative interrogation of individual narrative writings, we five participants in the same critical pedagogy course conducted a post-course inquiry project in order to explore what we had learned through the course. Through this inquiry project, we have come to a deeper understanding of critical pedagogy praxis. Ultimately, what we learned through the use of this inquiry method maintains important implications for postsecondary educators.

Document type: 
Article
File(s): 

When I Dance My Walk: A Phenomenological Analysis of Habitual Movement in Dance Practices

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2017-08-22
Abstract: 

In this article, I describe the experience of dancing-a-walk. My specific focus is on the shift that I perceive in my body when I dance-a-walk rather than functionally walking. Following a firstperson perspective, I demonstrate how my experience of practicing dancing-a-walk interrogates the habit of walking and makes it come alive again as an expression of the body. First, I show how the practice of dancing-a-walk challenges the dichotomy between abstract and concrete movement proposed by Maurice Merleau-Ponty in the Phenomenology of Perception. Indeed, dancing-a-walk is an example of a concrete and yet already abstract movement. Then, I turn to concepts such as habits and body memory. By identifying how the perception of my body changes when I dance everyday movements (i.e., walking) versus when I execute such movements functionally, I aim to develop a new perspective on and vocabulary for a phenomenological definition of concrete/abstract movements within the context of dance.

Document type: 
Article
File(s): 

Alexithymia, but not Autism Spectrum Disorder, may be Related to the Production of Emotional Facial Expressions

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2016-11-11
Abstract: 

Background A prominent diagnostic criterion of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) relates to the abnormal or diminished use of facial expressions. Yet little is known about the mechanisms that contribute to this feature of ASD. Methods We showed children with and without ASD emotionally charged video clips in order to parse out individual differences in spontaneous production of facial expressions using automated facial expression analysis software. Results Using hierarchical multiple regression, we sought to determine whether alexithymia (characterized by difficulties interpreting one’s own feeling states) contributes to diminished facial expression production. Across groups, alexithymic traits—but not ASD traits, IQ, or sex—were associated with quantity of facial expression production. Conclusions These results accord with a growing body of research suggesting that many emotion processing abnormalities observed in ASD may be explained by co-occurring alexithymia. Developmental and clinical considerations are discussed, and it is argued that alexithymia is an important but too often ignored trait associated with ASD that may have implications for subtyping individuals on the autism spectrum.

Document type: 
Article
File(s): 

Efficacy of Online Social Networks on Language Teaching: A Bangladeshi Perspective

Author: 
Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2014-08-01
Abstract: 

It is now an established fact that the use of technology facilitates teaching and learning in language classrooms. With the advancement of technology, social networking websites have emerged too.Social networking sites have been quite popular among various age group users particularly the young users since their invention. Also, they are conceived to be able to motivate (Greenhow, Robelia, & Hughes, 2009) and expose learners to the authentic use of the target language (Baralt, 2011). However, very little research has been done, especially in Bangladesh, on how much these websites can contribute to language learning and teaching though they seem to offer ample opportunities. Therefore, this study aims at investigating the effect of using 'The Facebook', a social networking website, in language classrooms at tertiary level in Bangladesh. Participants of this study were first year first semester university students doing a foundation course in English focusing to improve their listening, speaking and writing skills. The participants were divided into two groups. Group 1 was the control group who was taught traditionally and non-digitally without using Facebook. Group 2, along with classroom teaching, received help from the instructor through Facebook and did tasks assigned on Facebook. At the end of the three months semester a test was taken and the result of both groups was compared. Thus, this study shall try to provide an answer regarding to what extent online social networks can facilitate second language acquisition.

Document type: 
Article
File(s): 

A design-based approach to sleep-onset and insomnia: super-somnolent mentation, the cognitive shuffle and serial diverse imagining

Author: 
Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2014-07-24
Abstract: 

This paper describes an approach to sleep onset (SO) and insomnia that involves a broad, design-based theory of cognition and affect (H-CogAff, Sloman, 2003). It proposes that the SO Control System (SOCS) has somnolent and insomnolent mentation inputs. A disruption of situational awareness and temporal sense making is posited to be somnolent. Perturbance (tertiary emotion) and primary emotions are posited as insomnolent. Many prior deliberate mentation strategies, prescribed as cognitive therapy for insomnia (CT-I), appear to be insufficiently counter-insomnolent (e.g., insufficiently able to compete with insistent motivators) and not inherently somnolent. According to tenets presented here, serial diverse imagining, a deliberate form of mentation involving a cognitive shuffle, is predicted to be super-somnolent (somnolent and counter-insomnolent).  This paper calls for the development of SOCS theories and CT-I, both from the design stance. Particular attention should be given to perturbance and the possibility of super-somnolent mentation.

Effets de l'utilisation d'une application mobile d’imagerie mentale diversifiée sur la qualité subjective du sommeil : résultats préliminaires

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2017-03-01
Abstract: 

L’insomnie est fréquente dans notre société et altère considérablement la qualité de vie. Il est donc crucial de développer des thérapies accessibles. L’imagerie mentale peut diminuer la rumination ainsi que les pensées interférant avec l’endormissement. L’objectif de cette étude pilote était de tester l’efficacité d’une application mobile d’imagerie mentale diversifiée afin de favoriser l’endormissement chez des jeunes ayant de la difficulté à s’endormir plus de deux fois par semaine. Il était prédit que comparativement aux participants utilisant l’appli de comptage à rebours (groupe contrôle), ceux utilisant l’appli mobile d’imagerie mentale (groupe expérimental) montreront une plus grande amélioration de la qualité subjective de sommeil. Vingt-huit sujets ont complété l’étude (groupe contrôle n=13; groupe expérimental : n=15) s’échelonnant sur deux semaines consécutives (semaine prétraitement et semaine d’utilisation de l’appli mobile). Les deux groupes ont montré une diminution significative de l’Index de Sévérité de l’Insomnie  après l’utilisation de l’appli mobile mais celle-ci était plus saillante chez le groupe expérimental (p=0.001) que le groupe contrôle (p=0.01). De plus, seul le groupe expérimental a montré une diminution significative de la latence subjective d’endormissement lors de l’utilisation de l’appli mobile (p=0.04). L’efficacité de l’appli mobile d’imagerie mentale diversifiée est prometteuse mais devra être corroborée par d’autres études.