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When I Dance My Walk: A Phenomenological Analysis of Habitual Movement in Dance Practices

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2017-08-22
Abstract: 

In this article, I describe the experience of dancing-a-walk. My specific focus is on the shift that I perceive in my body when I dance-a-walk rather than functionally walking. Following a firstperson perspective, I demonstrate how my experience of practicing dancing-a-walk interrogates the habit of walking and makes it come alive again as an expression of the body. First, I show how the practice of dancing-a-walk challenges the dichotomy between abstract and concrete movement proposed by Maurice Merleau-Ponty in the Phenomenology of Perception. Indeed, dancing-a-walk is an example of a concrete and yet already abstract movement. Then, I turn to concepts such as habits and body memory. By identifying how the perception of my body changes when I dance everyday movements (i.e., walking) versus when I execute such movements functionally, I aim to develop a new perspective on and vocabulary for a phenomenological definition of concrete/abstract movements within the context of dance.

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Article
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Alexithymia, but not Autism Spectrum Disorder, may be Related to the Production of Emotional Facial Expressions

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2016-11-11
Abstract: 

Background A prominent diagnostic criterion of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) relates to the abnormal or diminished use of facial expressions. Yet little is known about the mechanisms that contribute to this feature of ASD. Methods We showed children with and without ASD emotionally charged video clips in order to parse out individual differences in spontaneous production of facial expressions using automated facial expression analysis software. Results Using hierarchical multiple regression, we sought to determine whether alexithymia (characterized by difficulties interpreting one’s own feeling states) contributes to diminished facial expression production. Across groups, alexithymic traits—but not ASD traits, IQ, or sex—were associated with quantity of facial expression production. Conclusions These results accord with a growing body of research suggesting that many emotion processing abnormalities observed in ASD may be explained by co-occurring alexithymia. Developmental and clinical considerations are discussed, and it is argued that alexithymia is an important but too often ignored trait associated with ASD that may have implications for subtyping individuals on the autism spectrum.

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Article
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Efficacy of Online Social Networks on Language Teaching: A Bangladeshi Perspective

Author: 
Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2014-08-01
Abstract: 

It is now an established fact that the use of technology facilitates teaching and learning in language classrooms. With the advancement of technology, social networking websites have emerged too.Social networking sites have been quite popular among various age group users particularly the young users since their invention. Also, they are conceived to be able to motivate (Greenhow, Robelia, & Hughes, 2009) and expose learners to the authentic use of the target language (Baralt, 2011). However, very little research has been done, especially in Bangladesh, on how much these websites can contribute to language learning and teaching though they seem to offer ample opportunities. Therefore, this study aims at investigating the effect of using 'The Facebook', a social networking website, in language classrooms at tertiary level in Bangladesh. Participants of this study were first year first semester university students doing a foundation course in English focusing to improve their listening, speaking and writing skills. The participants were divided into two groups. Group 1 was the control group who was taught traditionally and non-digitally without using Facebook. Group 2, along with classroom teaching, received help from the instructor through Facebook and did tasks assigned on Facebook. At the end of the three months semester a test was taken and the result of both groups was compared. Thus, this study shall try to provide an answer regarding to what extent online social networks can facilitate second language acquisition.

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Article
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A design-based approach to sleep-onset and insomnia: super-somnolent mentation, the cognitive shuffle and serial diverse imagining

Author: 
Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2014-07-24
Abstract: 

This paper describes an approach to sleep onset (SO) and insomnia that involves a broad, design-based theory of cognition and affect (H-CogAff, Sloman, 2003). It proposes that the SO Control System (SOCS) has somnolent and insomnolent mentation inputs. A disruption of situational awareness and temporal sense making is posited to be somnolent. Perturbance (tertiary emotion) and primary emotions are posited as insomnolent. Many prior deliberate mentation strategies, prescribed as cognitive therapy for insomnia (CT-I), appear to be insufficiently counter-insomnolent (e.g., insufficiently able to compete with insistent motivators) and not inherently somnolent. According to tenets presented here, serial diverse imagining, a deliberate form of mentation involving a cognitive shuffle, is predicted to be super-somnolent (somnolent and counter-insomnolent).  This paper calls for the development of SOCS theories and CT-I, both from the design stance. Particular attention should be given to perturbance and the possibility of super-somnolent mentation.

Effets de l'utilisation d'une application mobile d’imagerie mentale diversifiée sur la qualité subjective du sommeil : résultats préliminaires

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2017-03-01
Abstract: 

L’insomnie est fréquente dans notre société et altère considérablement la qualité de vie. Il est donc crucial de développer des thérapies accessibles. L’imagerie mentale peut diminuer la rumination ainsi que les pensées interférant avec l’endormissement. L’objectif de cette étude pilote était de tester l’efficacité d’une application mobile d’imagerie mentale diversifiée afin de favoriser l’endormissement chez des jeunes ayant de la difficulté à s’endormir plus de deux fois par semaine. Il était prédit que comparativement aux participants utilisant l’appli de comptage à rebours (groupe contrôle), ceux utilisant l’appli mobile d’imagerie mentale (groupe expérimental) montreront une plus grande amélioration de la qualité subjective de sommeil. Vingt-huit sujets ont complété l’étude (groupe contrôle n=13; groupe expérimental : n=15) s’échelonnant sur deux semaines consécutives (semaine prétraitement et semaine d’utilisation de l’appli mobile). Les deux groupes ont montré une diminution significative de l’Index de Sévérité de l’Insomnie  après l’utilisation de l’appli mobile mais celle-ci était plus saillante chez le groupe expérimental (p=0.001) que le groupe contrôle (p=0.01). De plus, seul le groupe expérimental a montré une diminution significative de la latence subjective d’endormissement lors de l’utilisation de l’appli mobile (p=0.04). L’efficacité de l’appli mobile d’imagerie mentale diversifiée est prometteuse mais devra être corroborée par d’autres études.  

Towards an affective information-processing theory of sleep onset and insomnia

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2010-01-10
Abstract: 

We develop a cognitive-affective theory of sleep onset and insomnia (Beaudoin, 2013, 2014). This somnolent information processing theory is design-based (Artificial Intelligence-inspired). We argue that the two-process model of sleep (Borbély, 1982, 2016) is necessary, but insufficient because it ignores pro-somnolent and insomnolent factors, including affective ones. We argue that the phylogenesis of the human sleep-onset control system (SOCS) faced the design challenge of integrating information from deliberative and reflective (executive) processes and various types of emotion. The core SOCS being evolutionarily ancient and modular, it cannot decode executive information; and executive processes couldn’t fully control lower sleep onset mechanisms. Yet some mutual indirect interactions were required. 

Our theory extends and applies the H-CogAff theory of emotions (Sloman, 2003, 2008), while adding sleep onset control mechanisms. We propose that the human SOCS is coarsely sensitive to primary emotions (based on alarms), secondary emotions (involving deliberative, motive management processes), tertiary emotions (perturbance, involving reflective, meta-management processes), moods (Thayer, 2003), interrupt filtering, attributes of motivators currently being managed or suppressed (Beaudoin, 1994), sense-making, and other processes, all of which operate in parallel with each other. Insomnia often involves perturbance, a loss of control of attention.

We will use limerence (Tennov, 1979) and grief (Wright, Sloman, Beaudoin, 1996) as examples of perturbant emotions and other affects that can disrupt sleep. We will discuss how new information processing treatments for insomnia that can be supported by mobile apps like mySleepButton®, such as serial diverse imagining (a form of cognitive shuffling, Beaudoin, Digdon, O’Neill, & Racour, 2016), personalized body scans, massage and other treatments might differentially affect the somnolent mechanisms we propose. We will present some of the new questions, from empirical and designer perspectives, that our theory raises about affect, mental architecture, sleep-onset and insomnia.

Theoretical and Conceptual Approaches to Co-Regulation: A Theoretical Review

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2016-11
Abstract: 

During the last two decades, interpersonal regulation in natural and digital learning environments has gained importance. Ever since the first conceptual and methodological precisions regarding collaborative learning were made, educational psychology has focused its interest on analyzing collective regulation of motivation, cognition, and behavior. Despite the fact that the body of research on co-regulation has grown, emerging epistemological frameworks evidence a lack of conceptual and theoretical clarity. In response to this situation, the authors propose a conceptual approach in order to address interpersonal regulation in four aspects: first, they describe three learning theories which have been used to study co-regulation. Second, the authors recommend a conceptual delimitation of terms regarding the learning theories on social regulation. Third, they highlight diffuse boundaries between theoretical approaches and terms used in the literature on co-regulation. Finally, the authors suggest some challenges the researchers in this field face.

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Article
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Análisis del Texto Breve Extraliterario: Elementos para una Aproximación Conceptual al Minitexto

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2015-06
Abstract: 

A theoretical and didactic approach to the mini-text is proposed: a conceptual category for analysis and pedagogic treatment of non-literary-short-texts. The proposal is based on four theoretical paradigms: one related to the bakhtinian approach of enunciation and discourse genres; other circumscribed by text linguistics and discourse studies; a third approach related to flash fiction theory and criticism; and a fourth paradigm that suggests taking advantage of immersion and entertainment features that underlay videogames as mechanisms to promote meaningful learnings.

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