Theses, Dissertations, and other Required Graduate Degree Essays

Receive updates for this collection

This collection contains digitized SFU theses except for those theses submitted within the last 12 months. If you cannot find the thesis you are looking for please search Recently Submitted Theses as it may be a recently submitted thesis and thus not yet available in Summit.

The Multiplicative Assignment Problem

Author: 
Date created: 
2017-07-06
Abstract: 

The quadratic assignment problem (QAP) is an extensively studied combinatorial optimization problem. The special case of QAP where the cost matrix is of rank one is called the multiplicative assignment problem (MAP). MAP is not well studied in literature, particularly in terms of experimental analysis of algorithms. In this thesis we present some mixed integer linear programming formulations and compare their selective strength using experimental analysis. We also present exact and heuristic algorithms to solve MAP. Our heuristic algorithms include improvements in existing FPTAs, as well as local search and tabu search enhancements. Results of extensive experimental analyses are also reported.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Abraham Punnen
Department: 
Science: Department of Mathematics
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.Sc.

The effects of auditory, visual, and gestural information on the perception on Mandarin tones

Date created: 
2017-08-04
Abstract: 

In multimodal speech perception, strategic connections between auditory and visual- spatial events can aid in the disambiguation of speech sounds. This study examines how co-speech hand gestures mimicking pitch contours in space affect non-native Mandarin tone perception. Native English as well as Mandarin perceivers identified tones with either congruent (C) or incongruent (I) Audio+Face (AF) and Audio+Face+Gesture (AFG) input. Mandarin perceivers performed at ceiling rates in the Congruent conditions, but showed a partially gesture-based response in AFG-I, revealing that gestures were perceived as valid cues for tone. The English group’s performance was better in congruent than incongruent AF and AFG conditions. Their identification rates were also highly skewed towards the visual tone when gesture was presented in the AFG compared to AF conditions. These results indicate positive effects of facial and especially gestural input on non-native tone perception, suggesting that crossmodal resources can be recruited to aid auditory perception when phonetic demands are high.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Yue Wang
Department: 
Arts & Social Sciences: Department of Linguistics
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.A.

Observations and Reflections: Made in the Course of a Journey through France and Italy 1786-1787, by Lady Aphrodite Macbain

Date created: 
2017-07-17
Abstract: 

This paper is an historical fiction-- a travel journal written by Lady Aphrodite Macbain, an aristocratic English woman who records her observations and thoughts during her European tour in 1786-1787. Three voices tell this tale: Lady Aphrodite Macbain, a twenty-first century editor, Elizabeth Macbain, and the author of this text, Elizabeth Kidd. Elizabeth Macbain introduces the "found" journal, provides a biography of Lady Macbain and inserts historical background information on the eighteenth century, while Elizabeth Kidd (E.K.) provides background information on the cities visited, critical commentary and explanatory footnotes to the text. Included in the journal are the author's own botanical illustrations.Three primary issues relating to the eighteenth century will be addressed: the changing role of women in European society; the emerging interest in botanical sciences, and the role of the Grand Tour in promoting social change. Experiences of three main characters, Lady Macbain, her brother Andrew and her niece Belinda, offer opportunities to explore these issues from different perspectives.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Stephen Duguid
Betty Schellenberg
Department: 
Arts & Social Sciences: Liberal Studies Program
Thesis type: 
(Project) M.A.L.S.

CVE Programs and Initiatives through the Ages: A snapshot of the past, present, and future

Date created: 
2017-08-03
Abstract: 

We have now reached the stage where there are many countering violent extremism (CVE) programs and initiatives in existence. Each program leaves a unique imprint, making it possible to trace these efforts through the ages, as well as give some indication as to what is working and not working. An extensive literature review surveying academic publications and independent/government reports regarding radicalization theory, and more specifically, deradicalization, disengagement, rehabilitation, and prevention efforts is used to build the framework for this study’s database. A content analysis utilizing data triangulation is then conducted on 67 existing or previously existing CVE programs/initiatives. The Information drawn from these programs is used to develop a timeline of where CVE efforts have been, where they are now, and provides an idea of where they might be going. Some impressions made by these efforts have been marked – good and bad, lending pertinent information to the development of these types of programs. This study is intended to inform and improve the next generation of CVE programming.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Garth Davies
Department: 
Arts & Social Sciences: School of Criminology
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.A.

A place to be, a place to become: An insiders report on youth integration programs in the lower mainland

Date created: 
2017-06-06
Abstract: 

Immigrant youth face a myriad of complex and interrelated challenges during their settlement and integration into Canadian society. In Canada, there are a number settlement services available to support this process. In the past, these services have focused on adults; however, they are increasingly responding to the needs of youth. Youth integration programs, in particular, represent one of the most common settlement services available to immigrant youth, yet little research has been conducted on such programs and even less from the perspective of the participants. This qualitative study explores the role of youth integration programs in the lives of twelve young newcomers through in-depth semi-structured interviews and focus groups. My findings reveal that such programs represent a powerful resource for newcomers, with participants describing these programs as spaces where they can develop meaningful relationships, strengthening their communication skills, and improve their overall sense of self. This research confirms, challenges, and extends earlier research on this topic, while also demonstrating the importance of engaging with the subjective experiences of newcomers.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Wendy Chan
Department: 
Arts & Social Sciences: Department of Sociology and Anthropology
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.A.

Ritwik Kumar Ghatak: Subaltern Auteur of Bengali Cinema

Date created: 
2017-07-31
Abstract: 

In 1947, as the British colonial rulers left, the local leaders chose to have the entire South-Asian subcontinent partitioned into two countries basing on a sectarian ground: India and Pakistan. Pakistan was born into two slices apart from each other by sixteen hundred kilometers of Indian territory to home the Muslims of the area and human history experienced the largest exodus ever. The border between the then East Pakistan and India remains the "most porous border" till today (Ghosh, 2016). This border divided the people of Bengali ethnicity into two in the name of religion; riots broke out, trauma lingered. Usually, such significant historical events get wide coverage in film and literature. But, that did not happen to Bengal as the people of both the countries chose national/religious identity over ethnic identity. The uprooted and migrated people who were looking for 'home' in exile become the subalterns who could not speak out their trauma. Gayatri Charkarvorty Spivak suggests in her 1988 piece titled "Can the Subaltern Speak?" that subaltern-ness is a position without identity (University of California Television [UCTV], 2008). And even they managed to speak, they were often overlooked and silenced. Ritwik Kumar Ghatak, being a refugee himself, wanted to communicate his trauma and identity crisis caused by the Partition'47 through his films; all his films failed to reach the audience of his time. After decades of his demise, his films remain as indictment of a time the people of Bengal wanted to overlook. This paper attempts to read Ghatak as a subaltern filmmaker who tried to pen down what his people i.e. the refugees wanted to speak out, by providing a close reading of his Partition trilogy, Meghe Dhaka Tara (1960), Komal Gandhar (1961) and Subarnarekha (1962).

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Zoë Druick
Department: 
Communication, Art & Technology: School of Communication
Thesis type: 
(Extended Essay) M.A.

Fabricating Perceptions of Crime: El Salvador’s mass media and gang repression

Date created: 
2017-08-16
Abstract: 

The mass media in El Salvador has acted as an ally to the conservative ARENA party, promoting its political and economic agenda and helping to preserve an exclusionary elite political project. When ARENA’s political dominance was threatened in 2003, the media increased and sensationalized reports on gang crime to garner electoral support for ARENA’s repressive Mano Dura security policies. Since then, the media’s elaboration of gang news stories has promoted repression and legitimized state violence. After the electoral triumph of the FMLN in 2009, the media obstructed attempts to reform the public security system with integrative measures, portraying the government as ineffective against gangs and inciting moral panics over crime. The resulting heightened perceptions of insecurity at times when homicides have decreased significantly demonstrate the extent of the media’s manipulation of public opinion through a near monopoly of information that favors conservative interest at the cost of citizen security.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Alexander Dawson
Department: 
Arts and Social Sciences: School for International Studies
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.A.

Who is telling the “truth”? Wikipedia articles on Hong Kong’s Umbrella Movement as a Case Study of Alternative Knowledge Production

Author: 
Date created: 
2017-08-29
Abstract: 

Wikipedia is considered as a challenge to established forms of scientific knowledge production, which has been dominated by the West for centuries, for shaking its superiority over other forms of knowledge to determine what is the reality. Through a comparative discourse analysis of Wikipedia articles on Umbrella Movement in Chinese and English as well as editors’ discussions on the “Talk Page”, this research demonstrates how this event has been presented differently in global and local contexts. By examining this particular case study, the author presents the difficulty of “translating” local knowledge to global. The marginalization of local editors on English page and the dominance of activist opinion on Chinese page make local knowledge production become the reproduction of western epistemology, which is far from creating an alternative to the knowledge hegemony.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Chris Jeschelnik
Department: 
Communication, Art & Technology: School of Communication
Thesis type: 
(Extended Essay) M.A.

Gendered Images in Oral History Documentary: A Case Study of Wode Kangzhan

Author: 
Date created: 
2017-08-17
Abstract: 

This essay explores the discourse construction of gender images in oral history documentaries through a case study of an influential Chinese oral history documentary series called Wode Kangzhan (My War of Resistance). It first outlines the rise of oral history studies and in recent years and its benefits. Besides, it introduces the influence and importance of Wode Kangzhan. Then, the article examines the overall gendered images in the documentary through data analysis and employs discourse analysis to reveal the documentary's gendered discourse through selected story lines. It finds out that Wode Kangzhan has a gendered discourse disciplined by gender hegemony.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Kirsten McAllister
Department: 
Communication, Art & Technology: School of Communication
Thesis type: 
(Extended Essay) M.A.

Cultural Identity and Cultural Capital: An Exploration of Chinese-Canadian Immigrant Families’ Reading Practices and Chinese Literature

Author: 
Date created: 
2017-08-24
Abstract: 

This paper explores Chinese immigrants’ reading practices of Chinese literature and relies on the concepts of cultural identity and cultural capital to consider how families in Vancouver read Chinese literature. This case study consists of interviews that I conducted with fourteen participants from twelve Chinese immigrant families in Vancouver, B.C, Canada in 2017. This research shows that within immigrant families, active readers of Chinese literature tend to be mainly immigrants who emigrated as adult and youth. And their reading practices indicates how Chinese immigrants deal with their Chinese cultural identities and the cultural capital that Chinese literature carries in the context of immigration.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Christine Kim
Department: 
Communication, Art & Technology: School of Communication
Thesis type: 
(Extended Essay) M.A.