Theses, Dissertations, and other Required Graduate Degree Essays

Receive updates for this collection

This collection contains digitized SFU theses except for those theses submitted within the last 12 months. If you cannot find the thesis you are looking for please search Recently Submitted Theses as it may be a recently submitted thesis and thus not yet available in Summit.

Breathing New Life into Comic Collections: Drawn & Quarterly's Choice to Reformat & Republish for a Young Readership

Author: 
Abstract: 

Graphic novels and comic reprints have recently surged in popularity due to Hollywood adaptations and bestselling titles such as Art Spiegelman’s Maus and Marjane Satrapi’s Persepolis. Despite these successes, publishers still struggle to find the right audience for many comic collections. This report focuses on Drawn & Quarterly’s decision to reprint two comic collections in smaller, kid-friendly editions. It analyzes why D+Q decided to reformat the Janssons’ Moomin comics and Mizuki’s Kitaro manga for specific readerships, with a focus on the emerging genre of crossover literature. The importance of accessibility for serialized comics/manga and crossover literature is underlined as a reason why these titles are ideal for a redesign, and the production work done by the D+Q staff to turn each title into a “kid-friendly” work is explained. Lastly, the report offers insight on how publishers can use D+Q’s tactic for their own success.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Hannah McGregor
Department: 
Communication, Art & Technology: Publishing Program
Thesis type: 
(Project Report) M.Pub.

Developmental antecedents of sadness and anger rumination: Examining the roles of attachment and affect regulation

Author: 
Date created: 
2016-12-01
Abstract: 

The role of rumination in the development and maintenance of psychopathology has been well established. Far less is known however, about possible precursors to this repetitive thinking style. The current study examined two potential developmental antecedents of rumination: insecure attachment and affect regulation. Reports of attachment anxiety and avoidance with maternal figures were examined as predictors of both sadness and anger rumination in a sample of high-risk youth. Affect dysregulation and suppression were also assessed as potential mediators of these associations. Participants completed questionnaires at three time points within a five-year period, with the current study examining associations concurrently at Time 1 and prospectively across Time 2 and 3. Gender differences in these relationships were also assessed. Participants at Time 1 were 159 adolescents (84 males, 75 females) between the ages of 12 and 18 years (M = 15.41, SD = 1.52). Concurrent and prospective associations were tested within a path analysis framework. With respect to concurrent relationships at Time 1, statistically significant associations were found between affect dysregulation and anger rumination for females and males. The association between anger rumination and attachment anxiety was small to moderate, and not statistically significant. Associations between sadness rumination and both attachment avoidance and affect suppression were also not statistically significant for either gender. When examining relationships across time, attachment anxiety significantly predicted increased anger rumination only in females. Affect dysregulation was significantly associated with higher levels of anger rumination for both females and males. Despite this, affect dysregulation did not mediate the association between attachment anxiety and anger rumination. With respect to sadness rumination, attachment avoidance was found to be a significant predictor in females. Implications of these findings for preventative and intervention efforts are discussed.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Marlene Moretti
Department: 
Arts & Social Sciences: Department of Psychology
Thesis type: 
(Dissertation) Ph.D.

The Influence of Group Music Therapy on Residents with Dementia in a Special Care Unit

Date created: 
2016-12-05
Abstract: 

Empirical evidence on the influence of music therapy on persons with dementia in residential care homes is fairly limited. Residents often experience a low quality of life due to the prevalent medical model of care that focuses on health-related outcomes, rather than a person-centered approach to support and care for the whole person. This qualitative study explored the influence of group music therapy on quality of life in residents with dementia living in a special care unit. Data were generated through focused, ethnographic observations, interviews, document analysis and a focus group. The data provide a rich and in-depth understanding on the process and outcomes related to group music therapy’s influence on residents’ care home experience. The findings provide substantive insights on the role of music therapy in improving the quality of life for residents with dementia and have practice implications for music therapy programming in residential care facilities.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Habib Chaudhury
Department: 
Arts & Social Sciences: Department of Gerontology
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.A.

End-To-End and Direct Human-Flying Robot Interaction

Date created: 
2016-08-19
Abstract: 

As the application domain of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) expands to the consumer market and with recent advances in robot autonomy and ubiquitous computing, a new paradigm for human-UAV interaction has started to form. In this new paradigm, humans and UAV(s) are co-located (situated) and use natural and embodied interfaces to share au- tonomy and communicate. This is in contrast to the traditional paradigm in Human-UAV interaction in which the focus is on designing control interfaces for remotely operated UAVs and sharing autonomy among Human-UAV teams. Motivated by application domains such as wilderness search and rescue and personal filming, we define the required components of end-to-end interaction between a human and a flying robot as interaction initiation (ii) approach and re-positioning to facilitate the interaction and (iii) communication of intent and commands from the human to the UAV and vice versa. In this thesis we introduce the components we designed for creating an end-to-end Human-Flying Robot Interaction sys- tem. Mainly (i) a fast monocular computer vision pipeline for localizing stationary periodic motions in the field of view of a moving camera; (ii) a cascade approach controller that combines appearance based tracking and visual servo control to approach a human using a forward-facing monocular camera; (iii) a close-range gaze and gesture based interaction system for communication of commands from a human to multiple flying UAVs using their on-board monocular camera; and (iv) a light-based feedback system for continuous commu- nication of intents from a flying robot to its interaction partner. We provide experimental results for the performance of each individual component as well as the final integrated sys- tem in real-world Human-UAV Interaction tests. Our interaction system, which integrates all these components, is the first realized end-to-end Human-Flying Robot Interaction sys- tem whereby an uninstrumented user can attract the attention of a distant (20 to 30m) autonomous outdoor flying robot. Once interaction is initiated, the robot approaches the user to close range (≈ 2m), hovers facing the user, then responds appropriately to a small vocabulary of hand gestures, while constantly communicating its states to the user through its embodied feedback system. All the software produced for this thesis is Open Source.

Document type: 
Thesis
Senior supervisor: 
Richard Vaughan
Greg Mori
Department: 
Applied Sciences: School of Computing Science
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) Ph.D.

Energy profiling and performance optimization for network-related transactions in virtualized cloud

Author: 
Date created: 
2016-12-13
Abstract: 

Networking and machine virtualization play critical roles in the success of modern cloud computing. The energy consumption of physical machines has been carefully examined in the past, including the impact from network traffic. When it comes to virtual machines (VMs) in cloud data centers, it remains unexplored how the highly dynamic traffic affects the energy consumption in virtualized environments. In this thesis, we first present an empirical study on the interplay between energy consumption and network transactions in virtualized environments. Through the real-world measurement on both Xen- and KVM-based platforms, we show that these state-of-the-art designs bring significant overhead on virtualizing network devices and noticeably increase the demand of CPU resources when handling network traffic. Furthermore, the energy consumption varies significantly with traffic allocation strategies and virtual CPU affinity conditions, which was not seen in conventional physical machines. Next, we study the performance and energy efficiency issues when CPU intensive tasks and I/O intensive tasks are co-located inside a VM. A combined effect from device virtualization overhead and VM scheduling latency can cause severe interference in the presence of such hybrid workloads. To this end, we propose Hylics, a novel solution that enables an efficient data traverse path for both I/O and computation operations, and decouples the costly interference. Several important design issues are pinpointed and addressed during our implementation, including efficient intermediate data sharing, network service offloading, and QoS-aware memory usage management. Based on our real-world deployment in KVM, Hylics can improve computation and networking performance with a moderate amount of memory usage. Moreover, this design also sheds new light on optimizing the energy efficiency for virtualized systems.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Jiangchuan Liu
Department: 
Applied Sciences: School of Computing Science
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.Sc.

A Shot Quality Adjusted Plus-Minus for the NHL

Date created: 
2016-12-19
Abstract: 

We explore two regression models for creating an adjusted plus-minus statistic for the NHL. We compare an OLS regression models and a penalized gamma-lasso regression model. The traditional plus-minus metric is a simple marginal statistic that allocates a +1 to players for scoring a goal and a -1 for allowing a goal according to whether they were on the ice. This is a very noisy and uninformative statistic since it does not take into account the quality of the other players on the ice with an individual. We build off of previous research to create a more informative statistic that takes into account all of the players on the ice. This previous research has focused on goals to build an adjusted plus-minus, which is information deficient due to the fact that there are only approximately 5 goals scored per game. We improve upon this by instead using shots which provides us with ten times as much information per game. We use shot location data from 2007 to 2013 to create a smoothed probability map for the probability of scoring a goal from all locations in the offensive zone. We then model the shots from 2014-2015 season to get player estimates. Two models are compared, an OLS regression and a penalized regression (lasso). Finally, we compare our adjusted plus-minus to the traditional plus-minus and complete a salary analysis to determine if teams are properly valuing players for the quality of shots they are taking and allowing.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Dr. Tim Swartz
Department: 
Science: Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science
Thesis type: 
(Project) M.Sc.

“The things we all celebrate”: Aboriginal parents’ conceptualizations of a broad Aboriginal identity in the context of the Aboriginal Focus School in Vancouver

Date created: 
2016-12-15
Abstract: 

This thesis provides a thematic analysis of how urban Aboriginal parents (N=31) discussing the Aboriginal Focus School in Vancouver conceptualize the broad Aboriginal category as a meaningful identity. Participants conceptualized the broad Aboriginal category as a reflection of the lived experience of urban Aboriginal peoples, as a group with cultural commonalities including shared practices, norms and values, as a collection of diverse Aboriginal cultural groups in which subgroup diversity contributes to the value of the broad Aboriginal identity, and as a basis for solidarity and resilience in response to mistreatment from outgroups. Results also suggest the broad Aboriginal category is most likely to be accepted when it is perceived to be constructed by Aboriginal people themselves. These findings are situated within the Social Identity Theory approach (Reicher, Spears & Haslam, 2010) and add nuance to research on multicultural identities, intragroup relations and the political implications of social category construction.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Michael Schmitt
Department: 
Arts & Social Sciences: Psychology
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.A.

Three Problems Involving Permutations

Date created: 
2016-12-05
Abstract: 

We study three problems involving permutations: the n-card problem, inv-Wilf-equivalence, and suitable sets of permutations. The n-card problem is to determine the minimal intervals [u, v] such that for every n times n stochastic matrix A there is an n times n permutation matrix P (depending on A) such that tr(PA) belongs to [u, v]. The minimal intervals for the n-card problem are known only for n <= 4. We answer a question posed by Sands, by showing that [1, 2] is a solution to the n-card problem for all n >= 2. We also show that each closed interval of length n/(n−1) contained in [0, 2) is a solution to the n-card problem for all n >= 2. Wilf-equivalence is one of the central concepts of pattern-avoiding permutations. The two known infinite families of Wilf-equivalent permutation pairs both satisfy the stronger condition of shape-Wilf-equivalence. Dokos et al. studied a different strengthening of Wilf-equivalence called inv-Wilf-equivalence. They conjectured that all inv-Wilf-equivalent permutation pairs arise from trivial symmetries. We disprove this conjecture with an infinite family of counterexamples, obtained by generalizing simultaneously the concepts of shape-Wilf-equivalence and inv-Wilf-equivalence. We also prove the Baxter-Jaggard conjecture on even-shape-Wilf-equivalent permutation pairs. A set of N permutations of {1, 2, . . . , v} is (N, v, t)-suitable if each symbol precedes each subset of t − 1 others in at least one permutation. We give examples of suitable sets of permutations for new parameter triples (N, v, t). We relate certain suitable sets of permutations with parameter t to others with parameter t + 1, thereby showing that one of the two infinite families presented by Colbourn can be constructed directly from the other. We prove an exact nonexistence result for suitable sets of permutations using elementary combinatorial arguments. We then establish an asymptotic nonexistence result using Ramsey’s theorem.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Jonathan Jedwab
Department: 
Science: Department of Mathematics
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) Ph.D.

In Search of Cordilleran Point Sources to the Southern McMurray Sub-Basin

Date created: 
2016-12-12
Abstract: 

In the east-central Alberta, isopach values of the McMurray Formation measured from the overlying Wabiskaw Marker datum show that paleotopographic relief on the sub-Cretaceous Unconformity is express by three paleo-valleys carved into the Grosmont-Wainwright Highlands. The paleo-valleys are named herein as: Grouse, Quail, and Ptarmigan. Mineralogical analysis of McMurray Formation sandstones in the paleo-valleys resolves subtle but recognisable vertical and spatial variations in composition. Feldspar contents decrease and lithic contents increase with stratigraphic depth. Based on petrographic analyses, McMurray Formation sandstones are sourced dominantly from a continental-scale drainage across the craton, with secondary input from uplifted sedimentary strata in the west as well as from the Canadian Shield in the east. Probable, paleo-tributaries can be superimposed on isopach maps of the McMurray Formation that, when coupled with net-sand maps, appear to bisect the highlands, suggesting that the Grosmont-Wainwright did not prevent some Cordillera sediment from entering the Ptarmigan and Quail paleo-valleys. This Cordillera-derived sediment was delivered via Edmonton Valley, and is calculated to constitute approximately 35% of the sediment supplied.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Shahin Dashtgard
Department: 
Science: Department of Earth Sciences
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.Sc.

Oxidation of 3-Chloroindole and Biodegradation of Dialkoxybenzenes with Cytochrome P450cam (CYP101A1)

Author: 
Date created: 
2016-12-06
Abstract: 

Cytochrome P450cam (a camphor hydroxylase) isolated from soil bacterium Pseudomonas putida shows potent importance in environmental applications such as the degradation of chlorinated organic pollutants and insect control agents. Introducing such chemicals can be hazardous to the environment due to their lack of biodegradation. In this thesis, I have studied the role of several P450cam mutants in the oxidation of 3-chloroindole to isatin and the role of wild type P450cam in the dealkylation of 1,4-dibutoxybenzene, a potent feeding-deterrent against stored product pests. Mutant (E156G/V247F/V253G/F256S) was the most active in the conversion of 3-chloroindole by P450cam. We propose two mechanisms for the dechlorination of 3-chloroindole by P450cam. To investigate structure-activity patterns of 1,4-dialkoxybenzenes against beetles, the octanol-water partition coefficients of selected dialkoxybenzenes were investigated. Furthermore, P. putida strain ATCC17453 was able to metabolize 1,4-dibutoxybenzene. Results revealed that cytochrome P450cam catalyzed the first and second dealkylation steps in the biodegradation mechanism.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Dr. Erika Plettner
Department: 
Science: Department of Chemistry
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.Sc.