Political Science - Theses, Dissertations, and other Required Graduate Degree Essays

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The Nicaraguan Revolution: a state-centered explanation

Author: 
Date created: 
1985
Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Theses (Dept. of Political Science) / Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

Virtual policy networks: navigating the policy web

Author: 
Date created: 
2006
Abstract: 

Governing in an information-rich environment necessitates a redistribution of power and new approaches to policy learning. The key basis for this organizational repositioning is the accommodation of information. For the first time in human history mass amounts of information may be collected, stored, and searched using networked technologies. While informational assets are a critical commodity in the policymaking process, the extraordinary increase in the creation and dissemination of information has triggered sectoral instability and political turbulence. This storm of information affects both the internal and external organization of state institutions and public administration strategies. This project provides an exploration into virtual policy spaces, and the communities of actors and institutions that reside on the Canadian policy Web. The national policy Web is a supplemental informational space used for the communication of policy ideas and the exchange of policy resources (information and advice), hosting various collections of actors and institutions engaged in complex interdependencies. This study asks a number of questions concerning policy communities’ uses of the Web, hypothesizing that virtual policy networks reproduce the communication habits of their real-world counterparts. The role of the state on the national policy Web is also considered in detail, assuming that the institutional structures of a virtual state provide the requisite enablers for electronic policymaking and Web governance. The findings presented here reveal that policymaking on the Web is neither inherently democratic nor necessarily more participatory. Using a sample of fifty virtual policy networks and analyzing the national policy Web using network analysis this project describes the virtual state in Canada, measures the federal government’s use of informational policy instruments, and maps formal relations among networked policy actors. This re search provides evidence that the Canadian policy Web hosts a number of virtual networks that exchange and communicate through hypertext, and that the Canadian government uses the virtual state to manage these communications and direct flows of information.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Department of Political Science - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (Ph.D.)

Towards hegemony: the rise of Bolivia's indigenous movements

Author: 
Date created: 
2006
Abstract: 

Analysing the rise of Bolivia's indigenous movements from the perspective of Otero's political-cultural formation theory (PCF), this thesis focuses on the Katarista movement, in the 1970s-1980s; and on the Movement Toward Socialism (MAS) which has become the country's governing party. In examining the progression of these movements through the PCF, this project considers the impact of three determining factors; regional cultural and economic processes, state intervention, and leadership types. These factors interacted to produce different political outcomes. With Katarismo, the cultural processes shaped a movement primarily based on identity, limiting its political appeal. Furthermore, its leadership was unable to unify the movement. These factors had a different impact on the MAS as it was capable of organizing around both class and identity, enabling it to broaden its support base. The leadership's use of strategic alliances also facilitated the MAS's political ascent.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Department of Political Science - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

"The world’s longest undefended border?": the policing of Canada’s borders since 9/11

Author: 
Date created: 
2006
Abstract: 

This paper explores Canadian border security policy after 9/11 in the context of ‘police borders’ as articulated by Peter Andreas. The concept of ‘police borders’ is an alternative to traditional theoretical perspectives in international relations, where the role of borders has been ‘recrafted’ towards the prevention of ‘clandestine transnational actors’ instead of focusing on military or economic concerns. This paper argues that post-9/11 the U.S-Canada border has shifted in the direction of a police border. However, new security efforts from the Canadian government have not necessarily addressed continuing weaknesses or American security concerns. Borders are being reinforced in North America, whereas under the Schengen Agreement, the European Union has facilitated the effective disappearance of borders among member states while hardening the perimeter of Europe. As the result of current trends in American foreign policy and illegal immigration, the United States will likely continue to tighten the U.S.-Canada border.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Department of Political Science - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Research Project (M.A.)

Democracy's interest in groups : interest group corporatism and democratic theory

Author: 
Date created: 
1993
Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Theses (Dept. of Political Science) / Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

The politics of water scarcity in the Euphrates and Jordan river basins

Author: 
Date created: 
1993
Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Theses (Dept. of Political Science) / Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

Ethnicity and political development : the case of Malaysia

Date created: 
1993
Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Theses (Dept. of Political Science) / Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)