Linguistics - Theses, Dissertations, and other Required Graduate Degree Essays

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Some acoustic characteristics of word initial pulmonic and glottalic stops in Mam

Date created: 
1997
Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Theses (Dept. of Linguistics) / Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

Dative constructions and case theory in Korean

Author: 
Date created: 
1997
Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Theses (Dept. of Linguistics) / Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (Ph.D.)

Applicatives in Salish languages

Author: 
Date created: 
2006
Abstract: 

This thesis is a study of applicative constructions in Salish, a family of twenty-three languages spoken in British Columbia and the northwestern United States. In an applicative construction, an applicative morpheme is suffixed to the verb and the object bears a semantic role other than theme, such as dative, benefactive, locative, or stimulus. Each Salish language has from two to six different applicative suffixes. I constructed a database of examples gleaned from secondary sources, cataloguing them for their syntactic and semantic properties. I show that applicative suffixes, like many verbal suffixes, do not always have a one-to-one correspondence between form and function. An applicative suffix may exhibit more than one semantic function, and a semantic function may be displayed by more than one applicative suffix. My research leads to the claim that Salish applicatives are divided into two types. Relational applicatives are based on intransitive verbs and differ according to the semantics of the verb. Redirective applicatives are based on transitive verbs and differ according to the semantics of the direct object. Each Salish language has at least one applicative of each type. Two applicative suffixes can be reconstructed for Proto-Salish: one relational and one redirective. Other applicatives have been innovated in sub-branches or individual languages. For example, Central Salish languages have multiple relational applicatives and Southern Interior Salish languages have multiple redirective applicatives. Tsamosan languages have both multiple redirective applicatives and multiple relational applicatives. The innovated applicatives usurp or augment the functions of the two Proto-Salish applicatives, yielding a complex picture in the modern languages. Applicatives, especially relational applicatives, are rare in the world’s languages. For example, they are completely lacking in English and other Indo-European languages. A catalog of the Salish data contributes to the study of linguistic typology. The presence of several applicatives in each language not only allows for comparison of applicative and non-applicative constructions but also of different kinds of applicatives. The properties I use to classify Salish applicatives—transitivity, verb class, semantic role, and discourse prominence—may prove useful in classifying applicatives in other languages.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Department of Linguistics - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (Ph.D.)

Aspect and category in Okanagan word formation

Author: 
Date created: 
1996
Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Theses (Dept. of Linguistics) / Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (Ph.D.)

Chinese "SHI...DE" focus constructions: an Optimality-Theoretic proposal

Author: 
Date created: 
2006
Abstract: 

This thesis studies SHI...DE focus constructions, or what have been called cleft sentences, in Chinese. The two main goals are to understand the form and function of this type of construction and to account for its syntactic variations. First, I justify previous claims that shi plays a dual role in SHI...DE focus constructions as a contrastive focus marker and as a Theme-Rheme separator. Then I put together a set of restrictions on topical Themes in SHI...DE focus constructions, which I call topical Theme conditions. Finally, based on the data, I propose that the form of SHI...DE focus constructions is shaped by the interaction of four syntactic and pragmatic factors--topical Theme conditions, strong topic fronting, word order and a shi rule. These factors are ranked according to their strengths. The availability of such ranking suggests the possibility of using Optimality Theory to account for the form of SHI...DE focus constructions.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Department of Linguistics - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

A system of tone features and its implications for the representation of tone

Author: 
Date created: 
1995
Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Theses (Dept. of Linguistics) / Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (Ph.D.)

The conversational structure and face implications of everyday arguing

Author: 
Date created: 
1995
Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Theses (Dept. of Linguistics) / Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

Japanese language planning in Korea, 1905-1945

Date created: 
1994
Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Theses (Dept. of Linguistics) / Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

Musical second-language phonetics learning : implications for teaching methodology

Author: 
Date created: 
2003
Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Theses (Dept. of Linguistics) / Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (Ph.D.)