International Studies - Theses, Dissertations, and other Required Graduate Degree Essays

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Factors influencing a basin-wide agreement governing the Nile river

Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2009
Abstract: 

This study analyzes the challenges facing the Nile River Basin riparian countries in terms of how best to achieve collaborative solutions within a transboundary river basin. Lessons learned from other transboundary river basins are incorporated into an analysis of factors promoting and impeding cooperation. Collective action theory is applied to determine the prospects for a basin-wide agreement in the Nile. While the results of this imply that the prospects for such an agreement are low, further analysis demonstrates that this theory does not adequately capture the complexity of issues and diversity of stakeholders within the Nile River Basin. The results of this study will help to inform River Basin Organizations (RBOs) and policy makers of external drivers impacting cooperating, as well as opportunities to emphasize benefit sharing and a sense of community and common identify amongst basin stakeholders as mechanisms for cooperative river basin management.

Document type: 
Thesis
Senior supervisor: 
J
Department: 
School for International Studies - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Project (M.A.)

Christian mission in India: contributions of some missions to social change

Date created: 
2008
Abstract: 

The thesis follows the development of selected Christian missions in India as a form of NGO activity. The thesis examines the development of this form of NGO activity seeking to find factors that have made for success in areas of Christian expansion but also the resultant social and economic development spheres. It then discusses the value of these contributions to the wider area of NGO development activity. Christian NGO activity is based on an altruistic motivation. In itself this motivation has not been sufficient to yield success. Success has come from ministering to people who are in crisis exhibiting distinct areas of need. To meet this need a holistic model as opposed to a narrow evangelistic model must be adopted even if it requires some revision to the original theological or ideological outlook. A sound development model suited to the needs of these people has to be adopted. This is seen to be one with roots in the thinking of the Reformation period by Luther and Calvin. Max Weber the German sociologist also noted this linkage giving it the title The Protestant Work Ethic seeing it as one of the foundations of the modern world and the economic progress that has been enjoined. This Reformation based model was first proved in the early mission activity amongst Dalit people in Tamil Nadu. The modern equivalent has been developed by the Aroles in Maharastra and widely adopted by the present NGO network. Further there is the need to develop sound organizational and institutional methods to ensure continuity. These same basic principles are shown to be effective when secularized and utilized by other religious and non religious NGOs with similar desirable effects.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
M
Department: 
School for International Studies - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Dissertation (Ph.D.)

Dimensions and problems of displaced populations in peace building

Author: 
Date created: 
2008
Abstract: 

World history has witnessed the creation of a large number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees as a result of most of major conflicts in the different regions. The issues relating to both internal and external displacements have proved to be a major deterrent for sustaining peace in many of the countries and continents. Apart from the humanitarian aspects involved in resettling the IDPs and refugees, the displaced population has been the cause of many crimes and for exacerbation of further conflicts. Therefore, it has been recognized that solutions to displacement also play important parts in peace building. In all, security of the displaced populations, property issues, reintegration of the displaced groups into society, and conflict between international intervention and national sovereignty are particularly important.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
L
Department: 
School for International Studies - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Project (M.A.)

Multilingualism and language practice of minority language background youths: a case study of the ethnic Korean youths in China

Date created: 
2008
Abstract: 

This dissertation explores the interrelation of language, identity, and multilingualism among language minority youths through sociolinguistic and ethnographic lenses. Drawing from the data collected in a case study of six multilingual ethnic Korean teenagers from the ChaoXianZu Diaspora in Beijing, China, this study illustrates the interplay of the macro-level conditions and micro-level processes through which these youths negotiate their identities in multilingual contexts. Followed by a debate of the nature of contemporary Chinese nationalism, the study also examines the relationship between nationalism, multilingualism, language, and identities among minority groups in general. The findings suggest that multilingual speakers tend to devalue their own language knowledge, and consequently undermine their own legitimacy as multilingual. In turn, it is suggested that the schools and educators must pay attention to this tendency, which will affect the self esteem and vigorous intellectual development of the minority language background students in this multilingual era.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
M
Department: 
School for International Studies - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

The blogosphere in China: how blogs reflect and act as a catalyst for change

Author: 
Date created: 
2008
Abstract: 

The present Chinese government maintains a monopoly on information distribution in order to control the flow of information to the populace. With the growing urban population and advent of electronic communications technologies, communications between citizens without the interference of government control is facilitated. Although the central government still seems to keep a firm hand on dissent, with the growing popularity of blogs, and other forms of electronic communications, information can now spread very quickly. People can now access both commentary and opinion, allowing them to know what their countrymen are thinking, and to domestic and international news. The promulgation of blogs within China will; enable more discussion of both societal issues and significant events by Chinese people within China; facilitate societal and political progress, and perhaps spur governmental change; allow outsiders to engage and understand what the Chinese themselves are saying.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
M
Department: 
School for International Studies - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Project (M.A.)

Protecting women: an examination of the deficiencies in the Protection of Women Act and other qualitative barriers

Author: 
Date created: 
2008
Abstract: 

President Musharraf enacted the Protection of Women Act, which came into effect for all of Pakistan on December 1, 2006. Its purpose is to protect women from violence and from the misuse of the Hudood Ordinances. However, there is no evidence, which suggests that the Act has been accepted or implemented across the country. Therefore, this paper identifies the qualitative barriers against the Act. Specifically, this paper examines the debates and protests surrounding the passage of the Act to discern broader conflicts that serve as barriers (e.g. the conflict over the basis of moral right). The text of the Act is also examined to identify deficiencies that prevent it from being effective. Ultimately, the analysis confirms the presence of qualitative barriers, such as the struggle over cultural change. Moreover, it indicates that the Act itself contains many deficiencies and cannot protect women as it is currently formulated.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
T
Department: 
School for International Studies - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Project (M.A.)

The role of community participation in the prevention of dengue: a case study from Cuba

Date created: 
2007
Abstract: 

More than 2.5 billion people in the world remain potentially exposed to acquire dengue fever in their lifetimes. Climate change, uncontrolled urbanization, poverty and environmental degradation have contributed to the increase of the Aedes aegypti population, the main vector that carries the disease. Traditional eradication programs that focused on mosquito larval control with the use of chemicals failed to eliminate the disease. Evidence shows that the involvement of the community in reducing the breeding sites of Aedes aegypti and collaboration among various sectors of the community are the most effective methods to prevent dengue. This paper explores the role of community participation in the prevention of dengue fever and the control of its main vector. Using a community-based intersectoral program in a district of Havana, Cuba, this study analyzes the efficiency of such a participatory approach and its capacity to be a sustainable solution for dengue prevention.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
International Leadership Special Arrangements Cohort - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Project (M.A.)

Social enterprise professionals: background, capacity building and concepts of entrepreneurship

Date created: 
2007
Abstract: 

Social enterprise has emerged in response to funding changes in the social services sector. The field represents an innovative approach to service delivery in Canada and internationally. The purpose of this research paper is to examine the capacity and management styles of people in leadership roles in employment-based social enterprises across Canada. Within the field of social enterprise, practitioners operate with both business and social skills, two skill sets that are rarely combined educationally and professionally. Through interviews, this research compares the background, skills and characteristics of social enterprise leaders with concepts of entrepreneurship drawn from the literature. The paper generates a greater understanding of the learning and culture shifts that occurred for individuals pursuing a career in social enterprise. Findings will be useful for informing educational and training programs for social enterprise development and for social enterprise professionals in determining and meeting their own learning needs.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
International Leadership Special Arrangements Cohort - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Project (M.A.)

Women and Food Sovereignty: gendered perspectives from Chaupiuno, Bolivia

Date created: 
2012-12-17
Abstract: 

Food sovereignty questions the current economic and social power structures which shape the global food production and distribution system, and advocates for control at the local or domestic level. A key determining factor for the successful implementation of food sovereignty is increased gender equality. However a considerable amount of uncertainty exists in respect to this relationship – uncertainty regarding how to execute the gender empowerment process and uncertainty as to how gender empowerment will manifest for a more food sovereign future. This thesis project explores the relationship between food sovereignty and women’s empowerment through the experiences of seven women who have engaged in a goat cheese commercialization project in Chaupiuno, Bolivia.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Onur Bakiner
Department: 
Arts & Social Sciences: School for International Studies
Thesis type: 
(Project) M.A.

Appropriating the past: A comparative study of official memory practices in Rwanda and Burundi

Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2012-08-16
Abstract: 

In the aftermath of mass violence, the political and social nature of memory becomes even more apparent. The way in which past abuses are remembered and represented significantly influences the ability of individuals and communities to reconstruct social relations. The cases of post-genocide Rwanda and Burundi reveal strongly the relationship between memory, identity and power in the aftermath of mass atrocity. Although contemporary Rwanda and Burundi are often contrasted due to their diverging approaches to ethnicity, this paper argues that the memory of past conflict and ethnic tension has been appropriated by elites in both nations, resulting in the subjugation of alternate narratives of the past. It further asserts that the restriction of political space for dialogue on the past prevents a collective appreciation of the inherent complexities of genocide and mass violence in both nations. The failure of dominant groups in both cases to allow for a critical engagement of the past is concerning, as divisive identities and overt conflict risk being reproduced rather than deconstructed.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Onur Bakiner
Department: 
Arts & Social Sciences: School for International Studies
Thesis type: 
(Project) M.A.