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The Mammon of Unrighteousness: Lord Curzon's Perception of Russia

Author: 
Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
1998-11-01
Abstract: 

George Nathaniel Curzon, Marquess Cunon of Kedleston ( 1859-Ig25) was not the virulent Russophobe that he is often reputed to have been. He was ardent imperialist whose ultimate objective was to protect India from any and all threats. Russia, due to its geographic proximity, posed the greatest threat to India. Yet Curzon's attitude towards Russia was not static; it evolved to respond to changes in the Anglo-Russian relationship.

Based on Curzon's published articles and monographs, and on British diplomatic papers, this thesis studies the development of Curzon's views on Tsarist Russia from his education at Eton and Oxford through to his Asian travels and his early political and diplomatic posts as Under-Secretary at the Foreign Office (1895- 1898) and Viceroy of India (1898-1905). It also considers the influence of events such as the Anglo-Russian Entente of 1907, the Great War, and the Bolshevik Revolution on his beliefs.

This thesis also examines how Curzon influenced British policy towards Russia as a member of David Lloyd George's War Cabinet (1916-919) and as Foreign Secretary (1919-1924). After the demise of Tsarist Russia, Curzon became a staunch anti-Bolshevik when he realised how the Soviets' revolutionary policies could threaten his beloved Eastern Empire. Consequently, Curzon endeavoured to implement policies that would minimise the Soviet danger to the East Although Lloyd George was largely responsible for the direction of policy towards Soviet Russia during his premiership, Curzon still played an important, albeit subordinate, role. Curzon's influence was felt directly through his undisputed control over Asian policy and indirectly through his ability to compel the Prime Minister to incorporate various issues into his policy objectives. Under Lloyd George's successors, Andrew Bonar Law and Stanley Baldwin, however, Curzon was the undisputed architect of British foreign policy. Thus from the 1870s to the 1920s, Lord Curzon's feelings about Tsarist and Soviet Russia were principally based upon his view of Britain’s imperial role in India.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Richard K. Debo
Department: 
Arts & Social Sciences: Department of History
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.A.

Love-Politics: Lesbian Wedding Practices in Canada and the United States from the 1920s to the 1970s

Author: 
Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2018-02-27
Abstract: 

Lesbians have organized and participated in same-sex wedding ceremonies since the 1950s, but never without controversy, and the controversies have been as much among lesbians and gays themselves as between those opposed to homosexuality and those in favor of sexual rights. This article examines lesbian weddings in the United States and Canada in the 1950s, ’60s, and ’70s to consider the meaning of such ceremonies in the social, political, and temporal context in which they occurred. Building on Elizabeth Kennedy and Madeline Davis’ argument that butch and femme culture in the 1940s, 50s, and 60s was feminism in its pre-political stage, I argue that women of color and white women who in the 1970s campaigned for state recognition of their marriages represent one aspect of butch and femme culture in its political stage. Because these political demands stood in opposition to white feminists’ argument that marriage was an oppressive institution that should be abolished, this article invites us to question assumptions embedded in the analytical tools used by queer theorists and historians of sexuality, namely the emphasis on resistance against normativity as indicative of progressive politics.

Document type: 
Article
File(s): 

How to Avoid Falling into Traps When Discussing Urban China: Four Strategies

Author: 
Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2016-07-13

China’s Other Rural Revolutions 中国的另一种乡村革命

Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2014-12-10
Abstract: 

Rural electrification and population control have as much to do with technology as they do with politics.  This leads to the question of whether technological or political change was more revolutionary in the Chinese countryside since 1949?  Which type of change had a more lasting impact?  Official class status labels are gone, but the lights are still on.  Of course, technology and politics are intertwined and cannot be examined in isolation from one another, but scholars have tended to overemphasize politics (阶级斗争、政治运动、阶级成份) while overlooking other forms of transformation that brought fundamental changes to the countryside.  I suspect that this is because the Chinese Communist Party’s own emphasis on politics has been so prominent, especially during the Mao years.  Yet every noisy political treatise was matched by quietly distributed manuals about how to operate machines or apply pesticides.  Eagerly reading materials about political campaigns while ignoring dry technical manuals leads to an unbalanced view of what was so revolutionary about the Chinese revolution in the countryside.  It reveals more about the scholar than it does about the society he or she is studying. 

Document type: 
Conference presentation

Oral Sources and PRC History: Best and Worst Practices

Author: 
Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2016-04-02
Abstract: 

After grappling with such methodological dilemmas of finding interviewees, building trust, and recording or transcribing conversations, scholars of PRC history face different challenges as they shift from field research to the writing stage: how to present oral testimonies on the written page, and how to integrate oral history with textual sources. Drawing on the author's experience conducting more than one hundred interviews about the rural-urban divide, the aftermath of accidents, and the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, this paper offers practical advice about:- When to name names and when to protect anonymity;- How to track down interview subjects mentioned in written sources;- How to balance the scholarly impulse to frame and condense oral testimonies with the benefits of letting interviewees speak for themselves;- Which types of written sources most fruitfully complement oral histories. In addition to discussing the author's own discoveries and mistakes, the paper also highlights the contributions and shortcomings of other recent works that draw on oral testimonies.

We are Learning Turkish

Author: 
Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2015
Abstract: 

We are Learning Turkish (Türkçe Öğreniyoruz), a complete course in Turkish, comprises four volumes. Each volume has 10 chapters that aim to help students understand, write, read and speak the Turkish language through a step by step approach.

Document type: 
Book

Still Working in the Shadow of Men? An Analysis of Sex Distribution in Publications and Prizes in Canadian History

Peer reviewed: 
Yes, item is peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2016-02-01
Abstract: 
Document type: 
Dataset

Iraq Through the Lens of 1882

Author: 
Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2013-03
Document type: 
Article

الأقباط وصراع السلطة على الأحوال الشخصية

Author: 
Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2012-12
Document type: 
Article

Films for the Classroom: Silences of the Palace

Author: 
Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2011-11
Document type: 
Article