Geography - Theses, Dissertations, and other Required Graduate Degree Essays

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From Spaces of Marginalization to Places of Participation: Indigenous Articulations of the Social Economy in the Bolivian Highlands

Date created: 
2015-05-14
Abstract: 

This dissertation seeks to understand the conceptualization, structure, main benefits and challenges, and institutional environment for the Social Economy (SE) and Community Economic Development (CED) in Bolivia. In particular, the research seeks to understand if and how the SE and CED support shifts of indigenous peoples from spaces of marginalization to places of participation in economic, political, and socio-cultural terms. Bolivia provides a relevant context for exploring the intersections between questions of indigenous-led development, CED and the SE. A new constitution, adopted in February 2009, enshrines indigenous rights to traditional territories and self-governance; decentralization of resources and decision-making to local levels; and an economic development model that includes ‘social and community forms of economic organization’. Field research explored three cases of collective economic initiatives in rural indigenous communities in the Bolivian highlands within the context of changing local and national governance relationships. The research shows that the particularities of SE conceptualization and practice in Bolivia relate to the country’s indigenous and colonial heritage. There is significant variation in the structures, activities, and scales between the three cases, indicating heterogeneity in indigeneity and a corollary need to move past the traditional-modern dichotomy that shapes much discourse about indigenous peoples. The case studies demonstrate that SE and CED approaches can support improvements in local well-being, measured in social, economic, and cultural terms. Local institutions such as campesino unions and municipal governments are actively supporting the SE but are hindered by national policies and lack of capacity. Finally, place matters to the potential, form, and agency of development, since the culture, history, and institutions and web of interactions in each place can shape, support or impede efforts to foster the SE and CED. The Bolivian examples provide learnings that can be generalized to development theory and practice in general. Although the SE manifests in different forms in different places, it emerges for similar reasons – to address uneven development caused by the social and economic exclusion of particular places and groups of people at the local, national, and international levels. Previously colonized people can use SE and CED approaches to foster increased independence and collective well-being.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Sean Markey
Department: 
Environment:
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) Ph.D.

Channel bar radar architecture and evolution in the wandering gravel-bed Fraser and Squamish Rivers, British Columbia, Canada

Author: 
Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2002
Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
E.J. Hickin
Department: 
Geography
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.Sc.

Extended Thunen-like models of agricultural land use for teaching and research in a computer assisted environment/S.G.I.D.S.: a simple geographic information display system

Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
1973
Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Thomas Peucker
Department: 
Geography
Thesis type: 
(Project) M.A.

Pilgrim places: a study of the eighty-eight sacred precincts of the Shikoku Pilgrimage, Japan

Author: 
Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
1975
Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Philip Wagner
Department: 
Geography
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) Ph.D.

The role of transport in economic development/Ecological relationships and development problems in Lesotho, Southern Africa/The growth pole concept: a review, analysis and evaluation.

Author: 
Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
1969
Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Department: 
Geography
Thesis type: 
(Project) M.A.

A critic of the rational theory of urban planning

Author: 
Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
1975
Abstract: 

This essay attempts to examine critically the rational theory of urban planning, the dominant paradigm within American urban planning thought over the past two decades. It distinguishes two basic models within rational theory and discusses them in relation to the normative and pragmatic difficulties that they encounter. The essay concludes that even if rational determination of the ends or means of social action is considered to be desirable, such a process may be both technically unattainable and politically irrelevant.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
G.P.F. Steed
Department: 
Geography
Thesis type: 
(Project) M.A.

Representative point-integrated suspended sediment sampling in rivers

Date created: 
2015-09-29
Abstract: 

Point-integrated bottle sampling is the traditional method used to acquire the mean concentration of suspended sediment. Sample duration is assumed to average over enough variability to represent the mean suspended sediment concentration. No study has examined the effect on point-integrated sampling. Here, we analyze continuous hour-long measurements of suspended sediment and grain size fractions collected using a LISST-SL in the sand bedded portion of the Fraser River, BC. Mean concentrations for suspended sediment and grain size fractions were computed over increasing time periods and compared to a long duration mean concentration to determine when a sample became representative. A cumulative probability distribution was generated for multiple iterations of this process. All suspended sediment load and grain size fractions bear a low probability of accurately representing the actual mean concentration over standard bottle sample durations. A probability >90% of accurately representing the mean of volumetric concentration requires 9.5 minutes of sampling.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Jeremy Venditti
Department: 
Environment: Department of Geography
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.Sc.

Bed-material transport rate derived from delta progradation in a small alpine basin, Fitzsimmons Creek, coast mountains, British Columbia

Author: 
Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2001
Abstract: 

A sediment budget was determined for Fitzsimmons Creek in order to assess the long-term bed-material efflux from a high-energy, debris-flow dominated alpine stream in the Coast Mountains of British Columbia. The primary component of the thesis (Part1) examines the long-term bed-material transport rate from morphologic data, sonar bathymetry, and ground-penetrating radar surveys of the fan-delta built by Fitzsimmons Creek and recorded on sequential aerial photography for the period 1947-1999. The average annual bed-material transport rate is 1.60 ± 0.28 104  Mg yr-1 for the 52-year period, with a range of 2.20 x 104  Mg yr1 for decadal estimates. Considerable temporal variability of the average bed-material efflux is evident over the 52-year record. The length of time required to measure a stable average annual bed-material transport rate in this particular system appears to be not less than 50 years. A secondary component of the thesis (Part 2) examines the total sediment budget based on direct measurements of bed-material accumulated in the fan-delta and estimates of suspended-sediment over the 52-year period. The long-term minimum specific sediment yield is 0.57 ± 0.14 Mg km-2 day-1 based on direct measurements and the estimate of the specific sediment yield for this system is 0. 90 ± 0 .48 Mg km- 2 day-1.  A significant proportion of the total sediment load (averaging 49% over the 52-years) is deposited as bed-material in Fitzsimmons Creek's fan-delta.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
E.J. Hickin
Department: 
Geography
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.Sc.

The development of the air transportation industry in British Columbia, 1900-1980/Hagerstrand's time-space model in human geography: an assessment

Author: 
Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
1985
Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Roger Hayter
Department: 
Geography
Thesis type: 
(Project) M.A.

Ethics and the new conservation/An investigation into areal land use sampling efficacy: Vancouver, British Columbia. Burnaby, B.C.

Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
1971
Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Thomas Peucker
Department: 
Geography
Thesis type: 
(Project) M.A.