French - Theses, Dissertations, and other Required Graduate Degree Essays

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Phenomenes interlinguistiques en acquisition de la L1 bilingue: Etude de cas

Date created: 
2003
Abstract: 

This case study's main purpose is to observe and describe interlinguistic phenomena in a French- English bilingual preschooler acquiring both languages simultaneously since birth in a familial setting. Particular attention is given to interlinguistic phenomena found in French context, the minority language. Two types of analyses were performed: a sociolinguistic analysis which addresses lexical mixing in the form of English utterances and mixed English-French utterances produced by the child in French context; a linguistic analysis which addresses syntactic mixing, namely, relative order of lexical verb and negation particle within the verb phrase. To verify the claim that parental strategies have an effect on rate of lexical mixing, child's reactions to each type of parental strategies were analysed and overall mixing rates were calculated for each period. Lexical mixing decreased during the period studied, although the changes were more pronounced in the case of English utterances than mixed English-French utterances. Strategies did not have the effect proposed in the literature on the child's subsequent speech turn. Results are discussed in relation to the sociolinguistic context in the family, taking into account the parental role in both the child active bilingualism and the development of minority language. In order to examine whether the development of contrasting grammatical structures proceeds as one system, two autonomous systems, or two dependant systems, negation word order was analysed. Error rate were similar to those reported in the literature. However, when lexical diversity of verbs was taken into account, error rate became significantly higher. Error rate also increased over time. However, when verbal flexion productivity was taken into account, the rate of error decreased overtime. Development of negation placement appears to proceed in a slow, gradual, verb-specific fashion. It is suggested that initial correct negative structures may not be in fact the reflection of the child's true morphological knowledge of +/- finite. Implications of these findings are discussed in relation to the three hypotheses concerning bilingual development and the status more or less permanent of interlinguistic phenomena.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Department of French - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

L’iconothèque de gaspard de la nuit.

Date created: 
2007
Abstract: 

This study attempts to shed a new light on Aloysius Bertrand’s Gaspard de la Nuit by exploring its subtle connection with the pictorial arts. The analysis considers the function of painting in Bertrand’s poetry as a type of artistic screen, acting as a filtering device which enhances the poet’s vision. The first part of this study examines the direct impact of Flemish and Dutch painting on Bertrand’s imagery. The second part of this study analyses the poet’s techniques to express the visible. Although reflecting the Romantic aesthetic aspirations of a new synthesis of the arts, Bertrand’s exploration of the spatial potential of literature, in addition to his use of a pictorial corpus makes him profoundly original in the history of literature.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Supervisor(s): 
L
Department: 
Dept. of French - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

La figure du Metis dans La bourrasque de Maurice Constantin-Weyer

Author: 
Date created: 
2006
Abstract: 

This thesis examines the representation of Louis Riel and the Metis people in the novel La bourrasque (1925) by Maurice Constantin-Weyer. It is argued that by using vulgarity, irony and historical manipulation, the novel stresses the racial inferiority of the Metis and the racial superiority of the English in order to illustrate the Darwinian principle of natural selection. The representation of the Metis is slightly ambiguous in that the novel conveys sympathy towards their plight, but suggests that their defeat was inevitable. By applying the metaphor "Survival of the Fittest" to the story of the Red River Rebellion, La bourrasque professes Social Darwinism. The thesis discusses the popularity of Social Darwinism in France at the turn of the twentieth century, and traces a social trajectory of Constantin-Weyer to suggest that the Social Darwinist themes of La bourrasque stem from the social context in which the novel was conceived and produced.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Department of French - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

The evolution of French R : a phonological perspective

Date created: 
1996
Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Theses (Dept. of French) / Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

Acoustic measurement of Canadian English-Accented French

Author: 
Date created: 
2006
Abstract: 

This study examined the speech of female Canadian English learners of French at three proficiency levels in an effort to quantify Canadian English-accented French. Five segmental and two suprasegmental cues were measured on a corpus of delayed-repetition and spontaneous speech: voiceless stop VOT; F2 – F1 acoustic space for / u/ and /y/; F2-shifting for /u/, /o/, and /i/; F2 – F1 acoustic space for /o/ and / /; F1 of unstressed /a/; temporal reduction of /u/, /y/, and /a/; and a rhythmic Variability Index. Hypotheses predicted more experienced learners would perform more comparably with native speakers, and display less variation, than less-experienced learners. F2 – F1 acoustic space of /u/ – /y/ and /o/ – / /, and rhythmic variability index values patterned most closely with hypotheses. Results were discussed in terms of acoustic measurement, cue variability, and speaker task performance. Findings provide preliminary data on Canadian English-accented French linking spontaneous and elicited speech.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Department of French - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

Eugèn̈e Ionesco: De l'exploration du grotesque a ̉la quêt̊e de l'Absolu

Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2006
Abstract: 

Eugene lonesco's plays, have stirred controversy among his critics. Amidst this controversy, the playwright's own views on art stand out as an important critical reference. Inspired by lonesco's writings, this study attempts to shed a new light on his work by exploring the concepts of grotesque, term that captures the paradoxical nature of his plays. This study then continues by analyzing the stage representation of grotesque, along with the philosoptiical postulates that derive from the author's ongoing quest for the absolute. This quest is revealed not only in his plays, but, towards the end of his life, in his nonfigurative painting and drawing.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Department of French - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)