French - Theses, Dissertations, and other Required Graduate Degree Essays

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Source of Transfer in the Acquisition of French as a Third Language from the Generative Perspective

Date created: 
2013-04-16
Abstract: 

This thesis investigates the source of transfer in the acquisition of nominal and verbal domain of French as a third language by Korean and Chinese adult students who have learned English as a second language. Theories of syntactic transfer including the L1 Factor, the Cumulative-Enhancement Model, the L2 Status Factor and the Typology Primacy Model will be reviewed and examined with the written production results of four syntactic structures of French; mainly, the distinction of (in)definite articles, the placement of adjectives, the placement of verbs and the negation. Our results show positive and negative transfers from both the L1 and the L2 separately or collaboratively. The latter seems to support the argument of multi-competence, according to which the interlanguage is treated as a whole instead of a distinct L1 and L2. Moreover, in the cases where a syntactic structure is not typologically similar to the L1 or the L2, our participants seem to have direct access to Universal Grammar.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
Réjean Canac-Marquis
Department: 
Arts & Social Sciences: Department of French
Thesis type: 
(Thesis) M.A.

«How about celui-là?»: Les alternances codiques français-anglais dans un groupe d'enfants de la C.-B.

Author: 
Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2009
Abstract: 

This study examined the code switching patterns in the speech of French-English bilingual children from British Columbia. Seven and 12-year-old children were divided in groups according to their age, and their speech was collected while they collaborated on a number of tasks in a non-academic, informal setting. This study presents the pragmatic functions of the children’s French and English code switches according to conversational context. In both age groups, the study found that children’s switches were used for a variety of purposes, including signalling a change in context, clarification, and representation of speech. The older children preferred English to express emotions or emotion words. The results suggest the children have developed bilingual speech patterns influenced by their families’ linguistic values, the French school system, and the community. They also show that children can use code switching as a means of establishing and changing power relations among the participants.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
G
Department: 
Dept. of French - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

Acoustic analysis of the variety of French spoken in Newfoundland

Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2009
Abstract: 

This study presents the results of an acoustic analysis of the seven vowels considered most characteristic of the French from Newfoundland. The study is centred on a corpus of semi-spontaneous interviews with male speakers representing the francophone community on the Port-au-Port peninsula in Newfoundland. The results garnered empirically document and characterise the variety. Specifically, they indicate that NF high vowels /i/ and /y/, but not /u/, have open variants [I] and [Y], that mid unrounded vowels follow the orthoepic norm, and that the low vowels maintain their phonological opposition. The presence of diphthongs has also been noted. The data also show shared traits with varieties of French from France, Quebec, and Acadia. The characterisation is then rounded-out with a discussion of its living potential within Fishman’s RLS framework.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
C
Department: 
Dept. of French - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

Le rôle de l'altérité dans la construction de l'identité raciale

Author: 
Date created: 
2008
Abstract: 

The goal is to explore the representation of identity with regards to social, political and cultural construction of race in contemporary French literature and cinema. The thesis will follow a multidisciplinary approach with the use of theories from cultural studies. For the analysis of the topic, two novels – Tahar Ben Jelloun’s Les raisins de la galère (1996) and Nina Bouraoui’s Garçon manqué (2000) – and two movies – Matthieu Kassovitz’s La haine (1995) and Abdellatif Kechiche’s L’esquive (2004) – have been chosen. The thesis examines the power of language and how the power of speech and writing influence identity building. The dissertation will take into consideration the contribution of violence in the life of the characters. The last section will take note of the forms of exclusion and resistance offered by the protagonists trapped in a world who does not wish to acknowledge them because of their differences.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
J
Department: 
Dept. of French - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

George Sand dans la fiction: représentations imaginaires d’un personnage littéraire.

Date created: 
2008
Abstract: 

This thesis explores the representations of George Sand in four works of fiction: the novels La Confession d’un enfant du siècle (1836) by Alfred de Musset and Elle et Lui (1859) by George Sand, and the films Impromptu (1991) by James Lapine and Les Enfants du siècle (1999) by Diane Kurys. In Musset’s novel, Sand is a sacralized and idealized maternal figure, while in Sand’s novel she is an independent woman and painter idealized in her maternal dimension. In Impromptu, Sand’s masculinity and eccentricity are emphasized to make a portrait of the romantic artist that reflects a 20th century vision of a modern artist and mother. Les Enfants du siècle proposes a romantic vision of the feminine character and makes the writer into an icon of French femininity. This thesis studies the changes and transformations that the character experiences in each representation in relation to the social and cultural context.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
L
Department: 
Dept. of French - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

Les stratégies d'apprentissage du français langue seconde chez des adultes dans le milieu universitaire

Date created: 
2008
Abstract: 

There has been increasing research and interest in how students learn French as a second language (FSL). Dialogue and research on classroom interaction has revealed significant indicators that language learning occurs through interaction. This study presents an analysis of learning strategies used by adult learners of FSL and their instructors in a university setting. The study also looks at interactive formats that influence participants’ choice of strategies in resolving linguistic or communicative obstacles in the FSL classroom. By increasing instructors’ and students’ awareness of interactional phenomena taking place in the classroom, we wish to contribute to the more recent innovative dialogue on the FSL classroom. Analysis of our data and a discussion of the results confirm our statements relative to the value of learning strategies in a context of language learning through interaction by adult learners.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
P
Department: 
Dept. of French - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

Exploitation de la L1 dans le développement des compétences linguistiques et communicationnelles des apprenants de français en immersion précoce en C. -B.

Date created: 
2008
Abstract: 

The goal of this study was to explore the impact of the first language (L1) on the process of learning a second language (L2) in the context of the French Immersion program in British Columbia. Adopting a plurilingual perspective, our analysis of the data is composed of two parts : 1) a linguistic analysis of students’ interlanguage focusing on the example of the acquisition of French object clitics, and 2) a qualitative analysis of code switches which seeks to clarify their functions in the development of both the linguistic and communicative proficiency of the students. Overall this study indicates that the L1 exerts an influence not only on the rate and route of the L2 learning process, but also that the L1 is an important tool/strategy employed effectively by the students to resolve gaps in their L2 vocabulary, to help co-construct meaning with their peers, and to maintain communication.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
R
Department: 
Dept. of French - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

Une étude de la littérature francophone de la Colombie-Britannique

Peer reviewed: 
No, item is not peer reviewed.
Date created: 
2005
Abstract: 

This thesis analyzes a body of British Columbia's literature written in French between 1980 and 2004. Chapter one analyzes the influence of modernity on this emerging literature, its themes and formal devices. Chapter two studies traits of marginalization. The sense of alienation common to the fictive characters is attributable, in part, to the modernity of the urban setting (Vancouver). Rehabilitation is more likely among protagonists who elect to leave the city, while those, who choose to remain, risk succumbing. Balance is found by embracing the destiny of the wanderer and conjuring memory of archetypes. Chapter three details the work of Marguerite Primeau and Monique Genuist, two major British Columbian French writers. In their novels and short stories, while nature is central to survival of the characters, wandering is both a source of emancipation and an homage to heterogeneity in the modem world.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Department of French - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

Phenomenes interlinguistiques en acquisition de la L1 bilingue: Etude de cas

Date created: 
2003
Abstract: 

This case study's main purpose is to observe and describe interlinguistic phenomena in a French- English bilingual preschooler acquiring both languages simultaneously since birth in a familial setting. Particular attention is given to interlinguistic phenomena found in French context, the minority language. Two types of analyses were performed: a sociolinguistic analysis which addresses lexical mixing in the form of English utterances and mixed English-French utterances produced by the child in French context; a linguistic analysis which addresses syntactic mixing, namely, relative order of lexical verb and negation particle within the verb phrase. To verify the claim that parental strategies have an effect on rate of lexical mixing, child's reactions to each type of parental strategies were analysed and overall mixing rates were calculated for each period. Lexical mixing decreased during the period studied, although the changes were more pronounced in the case of English utterances than mixed English-French utterances. Strategies did not have the effect proposed in the literature on the child's subsequent speech turn. Results are discussed in relation to the sociolinguistic context in the family, taking into account the parental role in both the child active bilingualism and the development of minority language. In order to examine whether the development of contrasting grammatical structures proceeds as one system, two autonomous systems, or two dependant systems, negation word order was analysed. Error rate were similar to those reported in the literature. However, when lexical diversity of verbs was taken into account, error rate became significantly higher. Error rate also increased over time. However, when verbal flexion productivity was taken into account, the rate of error decreased overtime. Development of negation placement appears to proceed in a slow, gradual, verb-specific fashion. It is suggested that initial correct negative structures may not be in fact the reflection of the child's true morphological knowledge of +/- finite. Implications of these findings are discussed in relation to the three hypotheses concerning bilingual development and the status more or less permanent of interlinguistic phenomena.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Department: 
Department of French - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)

L’iconothèque de gaspard de la nuit.

Date created: 
2007
Abstract: 

This study attempts to shed a new light on Aloysius Bertrand’s Gaspard de la Nuit by exploring its subtle connection with the pictorial arts. The analysis considers the function of painting in Bertrand’s poetry as a type of artistic screen, acting as a filtering device which enhances the poet’s vision. The first part of this study examines the direct impact of Flemish and Dutch painting on Bertrand’s imagery. The second part of this study analyses the poet’s techniques to express the visible. Although reflecting the Romantic aesthetic aspirations of a new synthesis of the arts, Bertrand’s exploration of the spatial potential of literature, in addition to his use of a pictorial corpus makes him profoundly original in the history of literature.

Document type: 
Thesis
File(s): 
Senior supervisor: 
L
Department: 
Dept. of French - Simon Fraser University
Thesis type: 
Thesis (M.A.)