Communication - Theses, Dissertations, and other Required Graduate Degree Essays

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The role of media in alleviating sectarian conflict: an exploration of peace journalism in Egypt

Author: 
Date created: 
2018-08-22
Abstract: 

Through looking at Muslim-Christian relations in Egypt, this research delves into the dynamics that showcase media’s complicity in violence committed through denial of existing sectarian problems and the reinforcement of status-quo inequities. It explores how the model of Peace Journalism can be applied to foster more inclusion, as well as mitigate conflict.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Supervisor(s): 
Adel Iskandar
Department: 
Communication, Art & Technology: School of Communication
Thesis type: 
(Extended Essay) M.A.

Representations of persons with disabilities in the media: A case study of Ghana’s local movie Industry (Kumawood)

Date created: 
2018-08-02
Abstract: 

From very primitive notions about persons with disabilities to a society that has become more accepting to persons with disabilities, Ghana has made some recognisable progress in this regard. Such progress includes reduced stigmatization, the establishment of Persons with Disability rights act in 2006, incorporating disability studies in mainstream university curriculum, among other initiatives. Such progress is seen in how the media, especially the news media for more responsible and progressive representations of persons with disabilities with the result that there is greater opportunity and access to all facilities and services for disabled persons. This research focuses on Kumawood, one of the most powerful and influential movie companies in Ghana. In particular, this work explores and analyses the impact and influence of representations of persons with disabilities in Kumawood productions, and the positive and negative attitudes and perceptions that might result from these representations. The aim of the research is to identify if such progress is evident in the local movie industry. The literature review covers the progress made in disability research in Ghana and focuses on how impactful media is on the notions of disability, most especially in a developing country like Ghana.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Supervisor(s): 
Martin Laba
Department: 
Communication, Art & Technology: School of Communication
Thesis type: 
(Extended Essay) M.A.

How the introduction of CGTN is popularizing the growing African continent through positive reporting: A Case study of China Global Television Network in Nairobi, Kenya

Author: 
Date created: 
2018-08-21
Abstract: 

Africa is full of mixed stories about desperation, lost and despair, and when young Africans offer an alternative narrative; they often are challenged to defend themselves. Most people like to think of Africa as a sum of its problems and the problem with this is it has created a single story that has created one perspective of Africa, which we have allowed to be told about us as if it is the only perspective of Africa. The problem with this is if the only stories about us are desperation, lost, diseases and despair then how can we image anything better than that? Over time, there has been an outcry and a desire for an alternative media to broadcast African stories positively, and from the African perspective. The desire to ‘own the African story’ created an opportunity for the Chinese national broadcaster CCTV to launch its brand CCTV Africa in the continent. The network was later rebranded into what is now called China Global Television Network Africa (CGTN). With its African production center based in Nairobi, Kenya, CGTN Africa aims to report Africa stories to the African audiences and the rest of the world. This case study employs qualitative analysis of Talk Africa, one of the shows aired on CGTN featuring African stories to find out how the introduction of the CGTN Africa has popularized the African continent through positive reporting. In the analysis, the framing styles used in the show, effects, content, and the reporting tones are analyzed to determine the research findings and conclusions.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Supervisor(s): 
Peter Chow-White
Department: 
Communication, Art & Technology: School of Communication
Thesis type: 
(Extended Essay) M.A.

Historical analysis of the changing nature of masculinity in China

Author: 
Date created: 
2018-08-24
Abstract: 

This essay approaches the issue of masculinity through a historical analysis grounded in the Chinese context. It focuses on how the concept of masculinity has been negotiated in prominent examples of popular culture in contemporary China over the last three decades. To unpack these examples, this essay first traces conceptions of masculinity in both the west and China and the rise of a crisis of masculinity produced by social, economic and political changes in the West. The essay then analyzes contemporary representations of masculinity in China drawing on political economy to examine how the struggle over power is reflected in the struggle over masculinities as constructed within the contemporary Chinese media system. The essay concludes by suggesting that changing conceptions of masculinity reflect the dynamic mechanisms of power between the state, society, and media in the context of contemporary China.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Supervisor(s): 
Stuart Poyntz
Department: 
Communication, Art & Technology: School of Communication
Thesis type: 
(Extended Essay) M.A.

"I am here! But, I actually shouldn't be!!" An auto-ethnography on the remittance experience of an African international student in Canada

Date created: 
2018-08-14
Abstract: 

Papers about international students are typically quantitative, reducing individual international students to projections, statistics and numbers. Coincidentally, the other major keyword of this study, remittance, is also mainly studied using numbers and statistics. In this research however, the researcher, an international student who engages in remittance activities, uses her own experience to contest this ‘numeralization’. By exploring in great depth her own cultural background and the specific motivations for remittance, this paper demonstrates that remittance has a human face. Furthermore, the complexity of remittance is contextualized through the lens of culture.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Supervisor(s): 
Yuezhi Zhao
Department: 
Communication, Art & Technology: School of Communication
Thesis type: 
(Extended Essay) M.A.

Representation of muslims in Canadian newspapers: Comparing the coverage of the 2014 Parliament Hill shooting and the 2017 Quebec City mosque shooting

Author: 
Date created: 
2018-08-21
Abstract: 

In this research, representation of Muslim in Canadian newspaper is examined. Terrorism-related report has been becoming an essential part for newspaper since 2001 and terrorism is always hotly debated in the globe. With the appearance of terrorist group from Islam world, media relate terrorism and Islam world rather closely. How mass media reflect Islam world and Muslim has great impact on how the public think of Islam countries and their citizens. In this paper, the study mainly focus on how Canadian print media, newspaper in this case, construct image of Islam world and Muslim when they are covering terrorism story.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Supervisor(s): 
Daniel Ahadi
Department: 
Communication, Art & Technology: School of Communication
Thesis type: 
(Extended Essay) M.A.

Traumatizing and healing: How media memorialize the comfort women

Author: 
Date created: 
2018-08-14
Abstract: 

Until recently, the story of “comfort women” was more or less suppressed as a kind of national humiliation in China; however, it has received more diverse media attention in recent years. Through the framing analysis of articles on the issue of comfort women in three different newspapers in China, this research examines similarities and differences in media treatment of the topic. While differences in media frames reflect variations in the national, provincial and metro orientations of different newspapers, overall media memorialization of the topic by the three newspapers reveals that the cultural wound is still not healed both on a national and individual level. The paper argues that Chinese media should take the responsibility of crafting new identities for comfort women, in order to help them finally gain respect.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Supervisor(s): 
Yuezhi Zhao
Department: 
Communication, Art & Technology: School of Communication
Thesis type: 
(Extended Essay) M.A.

Modern Chinese national identity and transportation

Author: 
Date created: 
2018-08-02
Abstract: 

As an imported concept, ''nation'' is used ambiguously in Chinese context. Even in the communication strategy formulated by the government, there is always a mixing that includes ethnic groups and nation-states. This essay discusses ''nation'', ''state'', and ''nation-state'' separately yet together to figure out their relationship. Whether the nation is imaginary or an ideology, it is the people’s view of their national identity that matters. Understanding national identity is a key to complex questions of the “nation” because national identity not only exists in every member's mind within a nation, but also interacts with all kinds of social elements (eg. religion, geography). As a multidimensional concept, national identity includes languages, sentiments and symbolism in the field of education, communication and transportation. Following the demand of modern society, a series of new concepts rise in respond to the proper time and conditions. On the other hand, new-born technologies facilitate the development and spread of these notions, for instance, nation. In many nations, especially China, transportation plays a leading role in the age of reform. It is the technologies which provide the main impulse of the transportation. Meanwhile, transportation is also a universal carrier of national resolve. For instance, it is the railway system and the freeway network system that build the basis of political power and shape the structure of economic change in many countries. These elements show up in everyday life as the infrastructure or context and thus, exert a subtle but essential influence on national identity. In order to clarify the process of Chinese national evolution, then, transportation and national identity are proper entry points.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Supervisor(s): 
Alison Beale
Department: 
Communication, Art & Technology: School of Communication
Thesis type: 
(Extended Essay) M.A.

Hashtag IAmGay campaign on Sina Weibo: a case study of the online activism and discourse of LGBT community in China

Author: 
Date created: 
2018-08-11
Abstract: 

This study aims to analyze the characteristics of the online activism and discourse of the Chinese LGBT community in hashtag IAmGay campaign through content and discourse analysis. The case of this essay, hashtag IAmGay campaign, is a representation of the digital contention of Chinese society. Online activism has changed the passive position of Chinese netizens and built multiple connections with Chinese government. Chinese LGBT online activism is cultural and social, through which Chinese LGBT community challenged the government in an indirect way. By using appealing and challenging online discourse, Chinese LGBT community is trying to forge a nascent social movement and put forward demands for policy and official attitude change. Based on the content and discourse analysis, this study concludes with the discussion that there is possibility for China to constitute an emergent subaltern public sphere for LGBT community in cyberspace under the premise of not challenging the stability of the regime.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Supervisor(s): 
Robert Hackett
Department: 
Communication, Art & Technology: School of Communication
Thesis type: 
(Extended Essay) M.A.

Communication as Intervention: Contextualizing the alt-right discourse of ‘women as wombs’

Author: 
Date created: 
2018-08-13
Abstract: 

The paper serves as a foundation for a future podcast responding to alt-right online discourse surrounding the status of women. Through a virtual ethnography, alt-right discourse and narratives are examined and better understood in the context of their virtual environments, noting the ability of the online realm to facilitate the spread of information and ideologies. As a focal point of alt-right discourse, traditionalism and the pivotal role of white women as bearers of white children is examined with respect to the history of control and subordination of women and their bodies for the benefit of the state. The research illustrates how trends within alt-right narratives establish a foundation for misogynistic ideals in which racism and sexism become intertwined. The paper further outlines how the internet provides a platform for alt-right discourse to grow, but also notes the ability of the internet to serve as a platform to intervene with such discourse.

Document type: 
Graduating extended essay / Research project
File(s): 
Supervisor(s): 
Kirsten McAllister
Department: 
Communication, Art & Technology: School of Communication
Thesis type: 
(Extended Essay) M.A.